Advertisement

Abstract

The term surveillance, derived from the French word meaning”to watch over,“ may be defined as a system of close observation of all aspects of the occurrence and distribution of a given disease through the systematic collection, tabulation, analysis, and dissemination of all relevant data pertaining to that disease. Although the methodology of surveillance is basically descriptive, its function is more than merely collective and archival. Surveillance must be dynamic, current, and purposeful. It is fundamental to prompt and effective control and prevention of disease. Traditionally, surveillance was first applied to the acute communicable diseases beginning in the early 1950s. (12) The term has been rapidly expanded since then, to embrace not only a wide variety of noninfectious diseases but also other healthrelated events such as accidents, injuries, immunizations, the distribution of biological products, and health-care delivery.

Keywords

Surveillance Program Surveillance Data Public Health Service Francisella Tularensis Reye Syndrome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Aber, R. C., and Bennett, J. V., Surveillance of nosocomial infections, in: Hospital Infections (J. V. Bennett And P. S. Brachman, eds.), pp. 53–61, Little, Brown, Boston, 1979.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Andrews, J. M., Quinby, G. E., and Langmuir, A. D., Malaria eradication in the United States, Am. J. Public Health 40:1405–1411 (1950).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Centers for Disease Control, Botulism, Morbid. Mortal. Weekly Rep. 25 (17):137 (1976).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Centers for Disease Control, Influenza Surveillance Report, No. 91, July 1977.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Centers for Disease Control, National Influenza Immunization Program-13, Influenza Surveillance Manual, July 1976.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Centers for Disease Control, Shigella Surveillance Rep. 13:2 (1966).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Centers for Disease Control, Morbid. Mortal. Weekly Rep., Annual Summary (1978).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Craven, P. S., Baine, W. B., Mackel, D. C., Barker, W. H., Gangarosa, E. J., Goldfield, M., Rosenfeld, J., Aaltman, R., Lachapelle, G., Davies, J. W., and Swanson, R. C., International outbreak of Salmonella eastbourne infection traced to contaminated chocolate, Lancet 1:788–793 (1975).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Evans, A. S., Surveillance and seroepidemiology, in: Viral Infections of Humans: Epidemiology and Control, 2nd ed. (A. S. Evans, ed.), pp. 43–64, Plenum Medical, New York, 1982.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gunn, R. A., Epidemiologic characteristics of infant botulism in the United States, 1975–1978, Rev. Infect. Dis. 1:642–646 (1979).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gangarosa, E. J., Mata, L. J., Perera, D. R., Reller, L. B., and Morris, C. M., Shiga bacillus dysentery in Central America, in: Uses of Epidemiology in Planning Health Services, Proceedings of the Sixth International Scientific Meeting, International Epidemiological Association, August 29–September 3, 1971, Primosten, Yugoslavia (A. Michael Davies, ed.) pp. 259–267, Savremena Administracija, Belgrade, 1973.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Langmuir, A. D., The surveillance of communicable diseases of national importance, N. Engl. J. Med. 268:182–192 (1963).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Nathanson, N., and Langmuir, A. D., The Cutter incident, Am. J. Hyg. 78:16–81 (1964).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Nelson, D. B., Sullivan-Bolyai, J. Z., Marks, J. S., Morens, D. M., Schonberger, L. B., and the Ohio State Department of Health Reye’s Syndrome Investigation Group, Reye syndrome: An epidemiologic assessment based on national surveillance 1977–1978 and a population based study in Ohio 1973–1977, in: Reye’s Syndrome II (J. F. Crocker, ed.), pp. 33–46, Grune and Stratton, New York, 1979.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Riverside County Health Department, California State Department of Public Health, Centers for Disease Control, National Center for Urban and Industrial Health: A waterborne epidemic of salmonellosis in Riverside, California, 1965—Epidemiologic aspects, Am. J. Epidemiol. 99:33–48 (1970).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Schonberger, L. B., Bregman, D. J., Sullivan-Bolyai, J. Z., Keenlyside, R. A., Ziegler, D. W., Retailliau, H. F., Eddins, D. L., and Bryan, J. A., Guillian—Barré syndrome following vaccination in the national influenza immunization program, United States, 1976–1977, Am. J. Epidemiol. 110:105–123 (1979).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Storch, G., Baine, W. B., Fraser, D. W., Broome, C. V., Clegg, H. W., II, Cohen, B. D., Shepard, C. C., and Bennett, J. V., Sporadic community-acquired Legionnaires’ disease in the United States, Ann. Intern. Med. 90:596–600 (1979).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Weissman, J. B., Marton, K. I., Lewis, K. N., Friedmann, C. T., and Gangarosa, E. J., Impact in the United States of the Shiga dysentery pandemic of Central America and Mexico: A review of surveillance data through 1972, J. Inf. Dis. 129:218, 1974.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    World Health Organization, The Surveillance of Communicable Diseases, WHO Chronicle 22 (10):439–444 (1968).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip S. Brachman
    • 1
  1. 1.Epidemiology Program OfficeCenters for Disease ControlAtlantaUSA

Personalised recommendations