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Relative Category and The Calculus of Variations

  • G. Fournier
  • M. Willem
Part of the Progress in Nonlinear Differential Equations and Their Applications book series (PNLDE, volume 4)

Abstract

Contrary to Morse theory, Lusternik-Schnirelman theory is not applicable to functions which are unbounded from below. In order to overcome this difficulty, a notion of relative category was introduced in [6]. Under some assumptions, the following estimate is true:
$$ \# \{ u \in {\varphi ^{ - 1}}([a,b]):\varphi \prime (u) = 0\} \geqslant ca{t_{{\varphi ^b},{\varphi ^a}}}({\varphi ^b}) $$
where \( {\varphi ^c} = {\varphi ^{ - 1}}(] - \infty ,c]). \)

Keywords

Morse Theory Critical Point Theory Relative Category Distinct Solution Finsler Structure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Fournier
    • 1
  • M. Willem
    • 2
  1. 1.Département de Math. InfoUniversité de SherbrookeSherbrooke, QuébecCanada
  2. 2.Dept. MathUniversité Cath. de LouvainLouvain-la-NeuveBelgium

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