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The Structure of Concentrated Aqueous Solutions

  • J. E. Enderby

Abstract

A knowledge of the detailed nature of the ion-water coordination in the vicinity of the ion is crucial to a full understanding of concentrated aqueous solutions. The neutron first-order difference method described by Soper et al.1 allows detailed ion-water conformations to be obtained directly and without recourse to modeling techniques. It avoids all the difficulties associated with total neutron or X-ray scattering data2 and we are now in a position to answer in a definitive way specific questions relating to the number of water molecules in the first coordination shell and the orientation of the molecule with respect to the ion-oxygen axis.

Keywords

Radial Distribution Function Coordination Shell Hydration Number Sample Parameter Total Neutron 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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    A. K. Soper, G. W. Neilson, J. E. Enderby, and R. A. Howe, J. Phys. C. 10, 1793 (1977).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    J. E. Enderby and G. W. Neilson, Water: A Comprehensive Treatise, Vol. 6, Ed. F. Franks, Plenum Press, New York (1979), p. 1.Google Scholar
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    J. E. Enderby, “Neutron Scattering Studies of Liquids,” in The Physics of Simple Liquids, H. N. V. Temperley, ed., North-Holland, Amsterdam (1968), p. 613.Google Scholar
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    G. W. Neilson and J. E. Enderby, J. Phys. C. 11, L625 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    S. Cummings, J. E. Enderby, G. W. Neilson, J. R. Newsome, R. A. Howe, W. S. Howells and A. K. Soper, to be published.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. E. Enderby
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physics, H. H. Wills LaboratoryUniversity of BristolBristolEngland

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