Carotenoid Absorbance Changes in Liposomes Reconstituted with Pigment-Protein Complexes from Rhodobacter Sphaeroides

  • Wim Crielaard
  • Klaas J. Hellingwerf
  • Wil N. Konings
Part of the FEMS Symposium book series (FEMSS)


The electrochromic behaviour of carotenoids has been widely used to determine the electrical potential difference (∆ψ) across photosynthetic membranes, like chromatophores [1] and bacterial cells [2,3]. The carotenoid absorbance change has several advantages over other methods for recording the ∆ψ: (i) the method is non-invasive, (ii) the relationship between the ∆ψ and the absorbance change is linear and (iii) the method shows a rapid response time. The major disadvantage of the carotenoid band shift as a ∆ψ indicator is that a calibration of the ∆ψ dependent bandshifts is not (always) possible in every experimental system [3].


Difference Spectrum Absorbance Change Photosynthetic Membrane Electrical Potential Difference Rhodopseudomonas Palustris 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wim Crielaard
    • 1
  • Klaas J. Hellingwerf
    • 1
  • Wil N. Konings
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyUniversity of GroningenHarenThe Netherlands

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