Abstract

Breakwaters are constructed to provide a calm basin protected from waves harbor or for ships and to protect port facilities. They are also used to protect the port area from intrusion of littoral drift. In fact, for ports open to rough seas, breakwaters play a key role in port operations.

Keywords

Fatigue Porosity Corn Beach Vinyl 

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References

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1997

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  • S. Takahashi

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