Advertisement

Methanol from Wood, a State of the Art Review

  • A. A. C. M. Beenackers
  • W. P. M. Van Swaaij
Part of the NATO Advanced Science Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 67)

Abstract

The Commission of the European Communities started its pilot plant project “Synthetic Fuel from Wood” early this year. Within this project, four demonstration plants producing 10–60 tons/day of synthesis gas from wood will be constructed and operated before mid-1984.

Keywords

Municipal Solid Waste Methanol Synthesis Centrifugal Compressor Steam Gasification Biomass Gasification 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ader, G., Bridgwater, A.G., and Hatt, B.W. 1981. Techno-economic evaluation of thermal routes for processing biomass to methanol, methane and liquid hydro carbons. Energy from Biomass, 1st E.C. Conf. Palz, W., Chartier, P. and Hall, D.O., Eds. Appl. Sci., Publ., p. 598.Google Scholar
  2. Antal, M.J., Jr., Royere, C. and Vialason, A. 1980. Biomass gasification at the focus of Odeillo. In: Thermal Conversion of Solid Wastes and Biomass. ACS Symp. Ser. 130., J.L. Jones and S. B. Radding, Eds. p. 237.Google Scholar
  3. Arbo, J.C. and Dynecology, Inc. 1980. The Symplex coal and biomass gasification process. In: Energy from biomass and wastes IV. IGTGoogle Scholar
  4. Bailie, R.C. 1981. Results from commercial-demonstration pyrolysis facilities (35–45 tons/day refuse) extended to producing synfuels from biomass. In: Energy from biomass and wastes V, IGT, 549.Google Scholar
  5. Beenackers, A.A.C.M and Van Swaaij, W.P.M. 1982. Development of a new method for production of pressurized pure hydrogen from low pressure nitrogen containing producer gas. In: Solar RandD in the European Community, Series E, 3., W. Palz and G. Grassi, Eds. Reidel.Google Scholar
  6. Bickle, R.S., Edwards, A.J. and Moss, G. 1982. Development of the oxygen donor gasifier for conversion of wood to synthesis gas for eventual production of methanol. In: Energy from Biomass, 2., W. Palz and G. Grassi, Eds. Reidel, Dordrecht 41.Google Scholar
  7. Brandon, C.S., Duhl, R. W., Miller, D.R. and Thakker, B.R. 1982. The economics of catalytic coproduction of fuel grade methanol containing higher alcohols. In: Proc. Fifth Int. Alc. Fuel Symp. 1, John Mclndoe, Dunedin, N.Z. pp. 3–107.Google Scholar
  8. Brecheret, V. 1982. Proc. Fifth Int. Alc. Fuel Tech. Symp. Vol. I, J. Mclndoe, Auckland, 1–107.Google Scholar
  9. Brecheret, V., Zagato, A.J.A. 1981. Methanol from wood in Brazil. In: ACS Symp. Ser. 159, Monohydridic alcohols, 32.Google Scholar
  10. Cahn, R.P. et al. 1976. Concurrent production of methanol and substitute natural gas, U.S. patent 3993467, 23 Nov.Google Scholar
  11. C.E.0 1982. Energy recovery by gasification of agricultural and forestry wastes in a cocurrent moving bed reactor, EUR 7594 ENGoogle Scholar
  12. Chartier, P. and Palz, W. 1981. Energy from biomass, solar energy RandD in the European. Community, 1, Reidel.Google Scholar
  13. Chrysostome, G. and Lemasle, J.M. 1982. Gazeification au bois en lit fluidise a l’oxygene et sous pression en vue de produire un gaz utilisable pour la synthese du methanol. In: Energy from biomass, Solar Energy RandD in the European Community. W. Palz and G. Grassi. Eds., Series E, 2. Reidel, p. 28.Google Scholar
  14. Dubois, P. 1982. Design and construction of a pressurized wood gasifier with heat input by oxygen combustion or by electrical heating. In: Energy from biomass, Solar Energy RandD in the European Community, W. Palz, and G. Grassi, Eds., Series E, 2. Reidel, p. 76–88.Google Scholar
  15. Feldmann, H.F. 1981. Steam gasification of wood in multi-solid fluidized bed (MSFB) gasifier, Energy from biomass and wastes V, IGT, p. 529.Google Scholar
  16. Fischer, T.F., 1976. Chem. Eng. Progr., 72, Oct, p. 75.Google Scholar
  17. Frank, M.E. 1980. Chem. Systems liquid phase methanol process, Proc. Intersoc. Energy Convers. Eng. Conf., 15th(2), 1567.Google Scholar
  18. Gehrman, J. (Ed). 1981. Thermochemische Gaserzeugung aus Biomasse, KFA, Jülich, conf. 46, November.Google Scholar
  19. Gluckman, M.Y. and Louks, B.M. 1981. Methanol - An opportunity for the electric utility industry to produce its own clean liquid fuel, 8th Energy Tech. Conf. march, Washington, DC, Government Inst. Inc., August, p. 920.Google Scholar
  20. Gravel, Guy. 1982. Byosyn, Montreal, Quebec, Personal Communication. Hiller, H. 1975. Kohle-Druckvergasung, Erdol and Kohle, 28 (2).Google Scholar
  21. Hummelsiep, H., SFW-Funk-Verfahren. 1981. In: Thermochemische Gaser- zeugung aus Biomasse, KFA, J. Gehrman (ED), Julich, Conf. 46, November, p. 75.Google Scholar
  22. Janesch, R., Werner, F. and DeSanti, D.M. 1982. Synthesis gas obtained from biomass. In: Energy from biomass, Solar Energy RandD in the European Community, Series E, 2. W. Palz and G Grassi, Eds. Reidel. p. 101.Google Scholar
  23. Kagayama, M., Ingarshi, M., Fukuda, J. 1980. Gasification of solid wastes in dual fluidized-bed reactors, ACS Symp. Ser. 130, paper 38.Google Scholar
  24. Kennedy, T.F. and Shanks, D. 1981. Methanol: manufacture and uses, ACS Symp. Ser. 159, p. 19.Google Scholar
  25. Lancet, M.S. and Curran, C.P. 1982. Process producing synthesis gas from wood, U.S. patent 139915, Conoco, June 15.Google Scholar
  26. Lindman, N. 1981. A new synthesis gas process for biomass and peat, Energy from biomass and wastes V, IGT, 571.Google Scholar
  27. Lindner, C. 1981. Vergasung von Biomasse in der Wirbelschicht. In: Thermochemische Gaserzeugung aus Biomasse, KFA, J. Gehrman (Ed), Julich, Conf. 46, November, p. 214.Google Scholar
  28. Lindner, C. and Reimert, R. 1982. Gasification of wood in the circulating fluidized bed methanol production route. In: Energy from biomass, Solar Energy RandD in the European Community, W. Palz and G. Grassi, Eds., Series E, 2, Reidel, p. 115.Google Scholar
  29. Marsden, S.S., Jr. 1982. Six new potential sources for massive quantities of methanol. In: Proc. Fifth Int. Alc. Fuel Symp. John Mclndoe, Dunedin, N.Z., Vol. I, p. 21.Google Scholar
  30. Marshall, J.E. 1979. Canadian biomass perspective: A new interest in an old fuel, UK, ISES Conf. (C2O) at the Royal Soc.: Biomass for Energy, July, p. 52.Google Scholar
  31. Mclndoe, John. 1982. Proc. Fifth Int. Alc. Fuel Symp. 1, Dunedin, N.Z.Google Scholar
  32. Mitchell, L.K., Mudge, R.J., Robertus, R.J., Weber, S.L. and Sea-lock, L.J. 1980. Methane/methanol by catalytic gasification of biomass, Chem. Eng. Prog., Sept., p. 53.Google Scholar
  33. Nitschke, E. 1981. Die Herstellung von Synthesegas durch Holzvergasung nach dem Rheinbraun HT-Winkler Verfahren. In: Gehrman, J. (Ed.) 1981. Thermochemische Gaserzeuging aus Biomasse, KFA, Julich, Conf46, November.Google Scholar
  34. Oliveira, E.S. 1980. The electro chemical route wood to syngas, Proc. IV Int. Symp. Alc. Fuels, Vol. I, Inst. Pesquisas Technological, Sao Paulo, A38, p. 199.Google Scholar
  35. Palz, W. and Grassi, G., Eds. 1982. Energy from biomass, Solar Ener- gy RandD in the European Community, Series E, 2, Reidel.Google Scholar
  36. Reed, T. 1980. A survey of biomass gasification, Vol. III, SERI, Golden, Colorado, U.S.A.Google Scholar
  37. Rensfelt, E. 1978. Basic gasification studies for development of biomass medium-BTU gasification process. In: Energy from biomass and wastes, IGT, p. 465.Google Scholar
  38. Rock, K.L. 1982. Production of methanol from mixed synthesis gas derived from wood and natural gas. In: Energy from biomass and wastes VI, IGT, paper 31.Google Scholar
  39. Rowell, R.M., A.E. Hokanson. 1979. Methanol from wood: a critical assessment, Progress in biomass conversion, Academic Press, 1, p. 117.Google Scholar
  40. Wan, E.I., J.A. Simmons and J.D. Price. 1982. Economic evaluation of indirect biomass liquefaction processes for production of methanol and gasoline, In: Energy from biomass and wastes VI, paper 37, IGT.Google Scholar
  41. Wigmans, T. 1982. Catalytic gasification of carbon; a mechanistic study, Ph.D. Thesis, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  42. Wilson, H.T. 1981. Progress in the development of a test facility for biomass gasification studies, In: Energy from biomass, solar energy RandD in the European Community, W. Palz and G. Grassi, Eds. Series E, 2, Reidel, p. 203.Google Scholar
  43. Wilson, H.T., R. Fletcher and R.J. Davies. 1982. Proposed 20 tonnes per day biomass gasification pilot plant, In: Energy from biomass, Solar Energy RandD in the European Community, W. Palz and G. Grassi, Eds., Series E, 2. Reidel, p. 89.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. C. M. Beenackers
    • 1
  • W. P. M. Van Swaaij
    • 1
  1. 1.Twente University of TechnologyEnschedeThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations