Hydrolysis of Cellulose by Acids

  • Irving S. Goldstein
Part of the NATO Advanced Science Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 67)


The central role of cellulose in biomass utilization is assured by virtue of its position as the structural polysaccharide which comprises approximately half of all plant material. This abundance coupled with the knowledge that it can be converted back into its glucose precursor by hydrolysis has provided the incentive for research and development efforts on cellulose hydrolysis for over a hundred years. Obviously the production of glucose for use as food or further conversion to liquid fuels or chemicals from inexpensive, renewable and abundant biomass is an attractive goal. Processes for the conversion of cellulose to glucose by acid hydrolysis have reached commercial production, but only under special circumstances. Under free market conditions they have not as yet been able to compete with sugars from specific crops (cane and beets) or from hydrolysis of starch.


Enzymatic Hydrolysis Acid Hydrolysis Crystalline Cellulose Glucose Yield Cellulosic Material 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irving S. Goldstein
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Wood and Paper ScienceNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

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