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The Molecular Structure and Interrelationships of Murine T Lymphoid Cell-Surface Antigens

  • Fiona Hunter
  • John E. Mole
  • J. Claude Bennett
Part of the Contemporary Topics in Molecular Immunology book series (CTI)

Abstract

The current understanding of the immune system is that of a complex, self-regulating network of cell interactions involving four components: bone-marrowderived (B) lymphocytes, thymus-derived (T) lymphocytes, macrophages, and the stimulus for the immune reaction, the antigen (Jerne, 1974). It has become increasingly apparent that T lymphocytes play a major role in the quantitative control of antibody responses and possibly, through clonal selection, in qualitative control. The functions of help, suppression, and cell-mediated cytotoxicity have been shown to be the properties of distinct subclasses of T cells (Cantor and Weissman, 1976; Feldmann et al, 1976). Although these functions are regulated by the immune response (Ir) region of the mouse major histocompatibility complex, the functional subclasses of T cells can be correlated with the differential expression of certain of their surface markers, in particularly Ly (Cantor and Boyse, 1976) and Qa (Stanton et al, 1978). In addition, studies on cytotoxic T-cell reponses have resulted in descriptions of systems involving H-2 restriction (Shearer, 1974; Bevan, 1975; Doherty et al.,1976), suggesting that there is a requirement for the specific presentation of antigen with the H-2 products. The antigen may act as a modifying agent of the major histocompatibility antigens or as a cofactor in dual recognition. These observations implicate the H-2 products of the major histocompatibility region in immunosurveillance and tolerance, in addition to their role as alloantigens.

Keywords

Major Histocompatibility Complex Human Leukocyte Antigen Cold Spring Harbor Human Leukocyte Antigen Molecule Private Specificity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fiona Hunter
    • 1
  • John E. Mole
    • 1
  • J. Claude Bennett
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology Schools of Medicine and DentistryUniversity of Alabama in Birmingham, University StationBirminghamUSA

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