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Molecular Interactions of Cells with Antibody and Complement: Influence of Metabolic and Physical Properties of the Target on the Outcome of Humoral Immune Attack

  • Sarkis H. Ohanian
  • Seymour I. Schlager
  • Tibor Borsos
Part of the Contemporary Topics in Molecular Immunology book series (CTI)

Abstract

The discovery of complement emerged from the observations of Buchner (1839a,b,c), Von Fodor (1886, 1887), and Nuttal (1888) that guinea pig serum had bacteriocidal activity. Bordet (1895) subsequently demonstrated that the bacteriocidal activity of serum required the cooperation of a thermostabile substance, antibody, and a thermolabile substance, complement (C). Since then it has been shown that C is capable of interacting with and killing protozoa (Anziano et al., 1972), viruses (Almeida et al.,1972), erythrocytes (Kabat and Mayer, 1961; Rapp and Borsos, 1970), and nucleated cells (Green et al., 1959b; Green and Goldberg, 1960; Humphrey and Dourmashkin, 1969). In addition, complement activity has been detected in the sera of many mammalian species as well as in sera of lower vertebrates (Bellow, 1977).

Keywords

Cholesteryl Ester Lipid Synthesis Nucleate Cell Metabolic Inhibitor Bacteriocidal Activity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarkis H. Ohanian
    • 1
  • Seymour I. Schlager
    • 1
  • Tibor Borsos
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Immunobiology National Cancer InstituteNational Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA

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