Biotic Interactions in Benthic Foraminifera

  • Jere H. Lipps
Part of the Topics in Geobiology book series (TGBI, volume 3)


Foraminif era have a long geologic record, extending back perhaps to the Cambrian, and they are both abundant and diverse during most of the Phanerozoic. Over 40,000 species now have been described, of which approximately 4000 are living today (Tappan, 1971). They occur in all modern marine communities, and have also been found living in brackish and fresh water (Arnal, 1958; Boltovskoy and Lena, 1971; Resig, 1974). Foraminifera are especially diverse and abundant in deep-sea, coral reef, and many soft-bottom, shallow-water habitats (Hessler, 1974; Smith et al., 1978; Thiel, 1975; Murray, 1973; Wefer and Lutze, 1976), making them one of the most important animal groups on earth. Yet little is known about their interactions with other organisms, although much has been published on their distributional patterns. Successful use of foraminifera in paleobiology and paleoenvironmental interpretations requires more detailed ecologic knowledge (Lipps, 1981).


Coral Reef Dissolve Organic Matter Benthic Foraminifera Biotic Interaction Planktonic Foraminifera 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jere H. Lipps
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeologyUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA

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