Advertisement

Potential Delivery of Contraceptive Agents to the Female Reproductive Tract

  • David L. Gardner
  • David J. Fink
  • Craig R. Hassler

Abstract

Vaginal contraceptives have played a positive role in fertility planning for years. Prior to the introduction of intrauterine devices (IUDs) and oral contraceptives (OCs), jellies, creams, and suppositories were used, sometimes in conjunction with the diaphragm or condom, but usually they served as the sole barrier.1 The higher failure rates of the vaginal contraceptives in relation to other contraceptive devices (IUDs and OCs) were believed to be due primarily to the inconsistent use of the method rather than to failure of the method during use.

Keywords

Fallopian Tube Reproductive Tract Contraceptive Agent Female Reproductive Tract Carrier Particle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    G.S. Berstein, Contraception 9: 333 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    P.T. Piotrow, W. Rinehart, and J.C. Schmidt, Population Reports Series B, No. 3, May (1979).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    W. Rinehart and P.T. Piotrow, Population Reports Series A, No. 5, January (1979).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R.J. Blandau, in: “The Mammalian Oviduct,” E.S.E. Hafez and R.J. Blandau, eds., The University of Chicago Press, (1969). p. 129.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    D.W. Bishop, in: “Pathways to Conception,” A. I. Sherman and Charles C. Thomas, eds., (1971). p. 99.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. Amersbach, Munchen. Med. Wchnschr 77: 225 (1930).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. Trapl, Zentralbl. Gynak 67:547 (1943).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    G.E. Egli and M. Newton, Fert. and Steril. 12 (2): 151 (1961).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    C.H. Deboer, J. Reprod. Fert. 28: 295 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • David L. Gardner
    • 1
  • David J. Fink
    • 1
  • Craig R. Hassler
    • 1
  1. 1.Battelle Columbus LaboratoriesColumbusUSA

Personalised recommendations