Dynamical Approach to Steady State and Fluctuations in Optically Bistable Systems

  • G. S. Agarwa
  • L. M. Narducci
  • Da Hsuan Feng
  • R. Gilmore
Conference paper


Optical bistability is a remarkable manifestation of cooperative atomic behavior. [l–3] A gas of resonant atoms under the action of an incident driving field undergoes a first order phase transition, displaying discontinuity, hysteresis, and divergence. The steady state behavior of the system is reminiscent of the equilibrium properties of a two-phase system: roughly speaking the bistable transition may be interpreted as being due to the separation of the gas into cooperative and uncorrelated phases in equilibrium.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. S. Agarwa
    • 1
  • L. M. Narducci
    • 2
  • Da Hsuan Feng
    • 2
  • R. Gilmore
    • 3
  1. 1.University of HyderabadHyderabadIndia
  2. 2.Drexel UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.University of South FloridaTampaUSA

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