Effects of Alcohol Ingestion and Abstinence on Slow Wave Sleep of Alcoholics
Disturbance of sleep is a frequent component of the clinical pathology associated with depression (Hartmann, 1965), schizophrenia (Stern, et. al., 1969) and drug addiction (Watson, et. al., 1972). Reduction in total sleep time, increased awakening, long sleep latency, and REM sleep suppression occur frequently as a function of short-term stresses and are responsive to symptomatic treatment. Slow Wave Sleep (SWS) impairments are more often associated with chronic conditions which respond poorly to situational therapy and may be the result of long-term stress. Short-term as well as long-term sleep disturbances are often associated with alcoholism. Experimental studies which have been concerned with the effect of alcohol on sleep were designed to assess the role of alcohol in producing both kinds of sleep dysfunction in normal subjects and chronic alcoholics.
KeywordsDepression Attenuation Schizophrenia Amphetamine Librium
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