Cardiac Afferent Influences on Consciousness

  • Curt A. Sandman


The separation of reality from our experience of it has intrigued, confused, and consumed the greatest thinkers of our civilization. Philosophical treatises have been devoted to its analysis, dualistic religions have deified it, and theoretical physics has become its current harbinger. Although it is inviting to plunge impulsively into debate of the issue, instead a framework or paradigm will be erected (or resurrected) for merging mentalistic with psychobiological constructs. Within this framework the separation of reality from its experience had its most obvious expression in the posthumous “debates” of Walter Cannon and William James. The focus of these debates was the necessary ingredients of experience.


Heart Rate Cerebral Blood Flow Left Hemisphere Locus Coeruleus High Heart Rate 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Curt A. Sandman
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Fairview Developmental CenterCosta MesaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry and Human BehaviorUniversity of California Irvine Medical CenterOrangeUSA

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