Multi-Organisational Strategies: An Analytical Framework and Case

  • Raul Espejo
Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 5)


Many of the problems with which societies are confronted today transcend the scope of existing institutional capabilities, The energy crisis, or problems of pollution, or providing food for growing populations, as well as regional development are recognisably problems of this type. Approaches to their solution have generally been conceived in terms of “programs. “ Many types of input are combined in the process of program substantiation, some of which, such as technical inputs, differ significantly according to the nature of the program. By contrast, management issues of planning and implementation arise irrespective of the particular problem area addressed.


System Level National System Organisational Strategy Organisational Response Relevant Environment 


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    S. Beer, The Brain of the Firm, Allen Lane, London, 1972.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raul Espejo
    • 1
  1. 1.Management CentreThe University of AstonBirminghamEngland

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