Lighting in Cryogenic and Noncryogenic Fluids

  • R. C. Hendricks
  • K. J. Baumeister
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 14)


In fluid flow and heat-transfer studies, it is often necessary to illuminate the fluid for visual observations or for photography. Windows can be used but it may be more convenient to immerse the light source directly in the fluid. This raises the question as to whether standard light bulbs can withstand the thermal gradients that would be imposed if immersed in cryogenic or noncryogenic fluids.


Liquid Nitrogen Fluid Flow Thermal Gradient Visual Observation Saturation Temperature 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. C. Hendricks
    • 1
  • K. J. Baumeister
    • 1
  1. 1.NASA Lewis Research CenterClevelandUSA

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