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Pressurized Cool-Down of a Cryogenic Liquid Transfer System Containing Vertical Sections

  • E. M. Drake
  • F. E. Ruccia
  • J. M. Ruder
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 6)

Abstract

In missile-loading and certain other transfer systems, large quantities of cryogenic liquids must be transferred in a relatively short time. Such systems must be cooled to the point at which transfer is accomplished as a liquid rather than as a gas in a fraction of a minute, or, at most, in a few minutes. Four significant factors influence the cool-down time of a transfer system: (1) transfer pressure; (2) heat leak to the fluid from the environment; (3) line flow impedance; and (4) quantity of system mass that requires cooling. These factors have been studied experimentally by Burke et al., who have developed an equation for predicting cool-down times of horizontal lines.

Keywords

Heat Transfer Coefficient Heat Transfer Rate Test Line Slug Flow Annular Flow 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    R.R. Hughes, H. Evans, and C. Sternling, Chem. Eng. Prog., Vol. 49. p. 79 (1953).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. Alves. Chem. Eng. Prog., Vol. 50. p. 449 (1954).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Burke, W. Byrnes, A. Post, and F.E. Ruccia, “Pressurized Cool-down of Cryogenic Transfer Line,” Advances in Cryogenic Engineering. Vol. 4. K.D. Timmerhaus. (ed.), Plenum Press, Inc., New York (1960).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1961

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. M. Drake
    • 1
  • F. E. Ruccia
    • 1
  • J. M. Ruder
    • 1
  1. 1.Arthur D. Little, Inc.CambridgeUSA

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