Comparative Study of Forced Convection Boiling Heat Transfer Correlations for Cryogenic Fluids

  • P. J. Giarratano
  • R. V. Smith
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 11)


The designer of cryogenic systems is frequently faced with the problem of determining the coefficients for forced convection boiling heat transfer. Unfortunately, because of the complexity of the heat transfer mechanism when boiling is involved, no generally accepted correlation for heat transfer coefficients has emerged. This is in spite of the efforts of many people who have attempted to derive, either empirically or theoretically, such a correlation. Consequently there are many predictive expressions to be found in the literature, and this paper has, as an attempt to aid the designer, undertaken to test and compare the more familiar expressions using the available cryogenic data. A statistical approach was used to compare the correlations, and the results are limited only to hydrogen in the nucleate and film boiling regions because of a lack of complete, tabulated experimental data for the other cryogenic fluids and also because of insufficient data in the transition boiling regions. A more detailed treatment of this subject, together with a pool boiling study and some properties data, may be found in an NBS Tech. Note No. 317 [1].


Heat Transfer Heat Transfer Coefficient Nusselt Number Force Convection Boiling Heat Transfer 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1966

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. J. Giarratano
    • 1
  • R. V. Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Cryogenics Division-NBS Institute for Materials ResearchCD National Bureau of StandardsBoulderUSA

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