Cooling with Solid Cryogens—A Review

  • A. A. Fowle
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 11)


The current Interest in the use of cryogens in the solid phase is focused upon their application as heat sinks for cooling electronic components, particularly infrared detectors, in aircraft and spacecraft [1–5]. The solid-cryogen cooler stores a solid mass of cryogen in a vented dewar system. The item to be cooled is usually mounted on a metal pedestal which is thermally communicated to the solid. The ullage space about the stored solid is evacuated to maintain the cryogen in Its solid state. Heat entering from the refrigerated object and the surroundings causes the cryogen to sublime and the resulting vapor is vented.


Cool Circuit Cryogenic Cooler Heat Leak Liquid Cryogen Cryogenic Engineer 


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  1. 1.
    R. E. Gaumer and A. S. Gilcrest, “Solid Cryogenic Refrigeration of Spacecraft Components,” 1962 Proceedings, Institute of Environmental Sciences.Google Scholar
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    U. E. Gross and A. S. Friedman, “Investigation of Cryogenic Solid Cooling Techniques,” Aerojet General Corporation, ASD-TDR-62–195 (August 1962).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    U. E. Gross, “Design and Development of a Laboratory Model Cryogenic-Solid Cooling System,” Aerojet General Corporation, ASD-TDR-63–682 (August 1963).Google Scholar
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    A. I. Weinstein, A. S. Friedman, and U. E. Gross, in; Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 9, Plenum Press, New York (1963) p. 490.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    P. C. Vander Arend, D. B. Chelton, and D. B. Mann, “Satellite Refrigeration Study, Part I-Technical Analysis,” NBS Report 8444, Boulder Laboratories, Tech. Rept. to NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center (1964).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1966

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Fowle
    • 1
  1. 1.Arthur D. Little, Inc.CambridgeUSA

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