Surface Heat Pumping

  • W. E. Gifford
  • R. C. Longsworth
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 11)


Refrigeration has been of great interest to man for generations, mostly for food preservation involving relatively small temperature differences. Recently, however, there have evolved many other applications for a great variety of other temperatures. Despite all this recent historic interest, there are really very few methods by which heat may be removed and low temperatures achieved.


Heat Transfer Viscous Drag Pulse Tube Large Temperature Difference Carnot Cycle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. 1.
    W. E. Gifford and R. C. Longsworth, Trans. ASME, Sen BJ. Eng. Ind. (August 1964), p. 264.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    W. E. Gifford and R. C. Longsworth, in: International Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Plenum Press, New York (1965), p. 69.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1966

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. E. Gifford
    • 1
  • R. C. Longsworth
    • 1
  1. 1.Syracuse UniversitySyracuseUSA

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