Considerations in the Design, Selection, and Use of Vacuum-Insulated Pipe
Thousands of feet of vacuum-insulated pipe have been utilized in the space program to transfer cryogenic fluids. Applications have included component test facilities, engine test stands, vehicle test stands, launch pads, environmental chambers, and liquid distribution systems. Sizes have ranged from 1/4 in. to 20 in. in diameter, pressures from a few psi to 3000 psi, and lengths from a few feet to more than 8000 ft.
KeywordsHeat Transfer Rate Thermal Performance Piping System Vacuum Level Thermal Contraction
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- 1.I. M. Sarlat and M. D. Smith, in: Cryogenic Handling, Ground Support Equipment, Vol. 4 (1962), p. 17.Google Scholar