Considerations in the Design, Selection, and Use of Vacuum-Insulated Pipe

  • G. C. Haettinger
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 11)


Thousands of feet of vacuum-insulated pipe have been utilized in the space program to transfer cryogenic fluids. Applications have included component test facilities, engine test stands, vehicle test stands, launch pads, environmental chambers, and liquid distribution systems. Sizes have ranged from 1/4 in. to 20 in. in diameter, pressures from a few psi to 3000 psi, and lengths from a few feet to more than 8000 ft.


Heat Transfer Rate Thermal Performance Piping System Vacuum Level Thermal Contraction 
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  1. 1.
    I. M. Sarlat and M. D. Smith, in: Cryogenic Handling, Ground Support Equipment, Vol. 4 (1962), p. 17.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1966

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. C. Haettinger
    • 1
  1. 1.Linde DivisionUnion Carbide CorporationIndianapolisUSA

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