Preparation and Characterization of Slush Hydrogen and Nitrogen Gels

  • D. E. Daney
  • A. S. Rapial
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 15)


Because of the high specific impulse achieved with liquid hydrogen in combination with various oxidizers (liquid oxygen and liquid fluorine, for example);, it has become an important rocket fuel in spite of the problems associated with its use. Some of these problems or disadvantages are: (1) low density, (2) temperature stratification, (3) short holding time due to the low latent heat of hydrogen, (4) hazards associated with the high vent rates, and (5) unstable flight conditions caused by sloshing of the liquid in the fuel tank.


Mass Percent Solid Fraction Gelant Particle Liquid Hydrogen Normal Boiling Point 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. E. Daney
    • 1
  • A. S. Rapial
    • 1
  1. 1.NBS Institute for Basic StandardsBoulderUSA

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