Miniature Vuilleumier-Cycle Refrigerator

  • G. K. Pitcher
  • F. K. du Pré
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 15)


Vuilleumier was granted a patent in 1918 on a refrigeration method which produces cold directly from heat. For many years this method was completely ignored and only very recently efforts were begun [1,2] to explore the practical possibilities of the cycle. The present paper describes a further contribution to the study of this “hot gas refrigerator” in view of its potential advantages, namely the absence of acoustical noise and the minimal wear of the moving parts due to the small forces in the drive mechanism.


Heat Input Heat Rejection Cold Expansion Refrigerative Capacity Cryogenic Engineer 
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  1. 1.
    F. N. Magee and R. D. Doering, “Vuilleumier-Cycle Cryogenic Refrigerator Development,” U.S. Air Force Tech. Rept. AFFDL-TR-68–67 (Aug. 1968).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    T. T. Rule and E. B. Qvale, in: Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 14, Plenum Press, New York (1968), p. 343.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    F. K. du Pré and A. Daniels, Signal, 20: 10 (1965).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    W. E. Gifford and H. O. McMahon, in: Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 5, Plenum Press, New York (1959), p. 368.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. K. Pitcher
    • 1
  • F. K. du Pré
    • 1
  1. 1.Philips LaboratoriesBriarcliff ManorUSA

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