Operation and Application of a Three-Stage Closed-Cycle Regenerative Refrigerator in the 6.5°K Region

  • R. W. Stuart
  • B. M. Cohen
  • W. H. Hartwig
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 15)


The general methods for obtaining low-temperature refrigeration under laboratory conditions are: boil-off of a bath of liquefied gas such as helium, closed-cycle refrigeration employing expansion engines alone, and closed-cycle refrigeration employing a Joule-Thomson expansion loop tied thermally to an expansion engine cycle for precooling.


Heat Load Refrigeration System Mode Trap Lead Shot Cryogenic Engineer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    F. F. Chellis and W. H. Hogan, in: Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 9, Plenuni Press, New York (1964), p. 545.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    W. E. Gifford and T. E. Hoffman, in: Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 6, Plenum Press, New York (1961), p. 82.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. Prast, in: Low Temperature Refrigeration for Microwave Systems. Boston Technical Publishers, Cambridge, Mass. (1967), p. 247.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. B. Fleming, “Regenerators in Cryogenic Refrigerators,” Tech, Rept. AFFDL-TR-68–143, (Sept. 1968).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Jakob, Heat Transfer, Vol. II, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, (1957).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    P. A. Rios, M.S. Thesis, Massachusetts institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass. (Feb. 1967).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    C. R. Haden, W. H. Hartwig, and J. M. Victor, IEEE Trans. Magnetics, 2(3): 331 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. M. Victor and W. H. Hartwig, J. Apply. Phys., 39(6): 2539 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. F. Hildebrandt, private communication.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. P. Turneaure and Ira Weissman, J. Appl. Phys., 39(9):4417 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. L. Stone and W. H. Hartwig, J. Appl Phvs., 39(6): 2665 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. L. Stone, G. L. Baker, and W. H. Hartwig, in: 1969 SWIEEECO Record, IEEE Catalog No. 69 C16-SWIEEECO (1969), p. 9B-1.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. W. Stuart
    • 1
  • B. M. Cohen
    • 1
  • W. H. Hartwig
    • 2
  1. 1.Cryogenic Technology, Inc.CambridgeUSA
  2. 2.University of TexasAustinUSA

Personalised recommendations