Transient Pool Boiling of Liquid Nitrogen Due to a Square-Wave Heat Flux

  • L. L. Giventer
  • J. L. SmithJr.
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 15)


The following study is based on pool boiling from a horizontal wire undergoing a periodic step in Joule heating (variable in amplitude and frequency) in saturated liquid nitrogen at atmospheric pressure. The principal area of investigation is the influence of heat-generation frequency upon the transient behavior of nucleate boiling, departure from nucleate boiling (DNB or “burnout”), and film boiling. The transient conditions are analyzed by determining the variation of the wire temperature with time for several power inputs over a frequency range of 0.1 to 1000 Hz. The results are compared with theoretical predictions and studies by other researchers.


Heat Flux Test Section Power Input Rayleigh Number Joule Heating 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. L. Giventer
    • 1
  • J. L. SmithJr.
    • 2
  1. 1.Westinghouse Electric CorporationW. MifflinUSA
  2. 2.Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

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