Forced-Convection Heat Transfer to Nitrogen in the Vicinity of the Critical Point

  • R. L. Von Berg
  • K. D. WilliamsonJr.
  • F. J. Edeskuty
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 15)


In the field of cryogenics, liquid nitrogen has become one of the most commonly used fluids because of its low cost and ease of handling. Most of these uses involve cooldown of equipment and, because of its low cost, such systems are seldom optimized from the standpoint of nitrogen consumption. However, new uses for this cryogen are continually being developed and many of these uses require heat-transfer data. Very little such data exists for cryogenic nitrogen except in the case of pool boiling. The purpose of the present investigation was to study forced-convection heat transfer to nitrogen in the vicinity of its critical point. This area was chosen since deviations from expected behavior are more likely to occur in this region than in any other region.


Heat Flux Critical Temperature Nusselt Number Test Section Wall Temperature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    R. G. Deissler, Trans. ASME, 76:73 (1954).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    N. L. Dickinson and C. P. Welch, Trans, ASME, 80:746 (1958).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    K. Goldmann, in: Int. Dev. in Heat Transfer, Part 3, ASME (1961), p. 561.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    B. S. Shiralkar and P. Griffith, “Deterioration in Heat Transfer to Fluids at Supercritical Pressure and High Heat Fluxes,” Paper No. 68-HT-39, AIChE-ASME Heat Transfer Conference, Philadelphia, Pa. (Aug. 1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. P. Bringer and J. M. Smith, AIChE J., 3:49 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    L. B. Koppel and J. M. Smith, in: Int. Dev. in Heat Transfer, Part 3, ASME (1961), p. 585.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    R. D. Wood and J. M. Smith, AIChE J., 10:181 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. H. Sabersky and E. G. Hauptmann, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 10:1499 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    N. M. Schnurr, “Heat Transfer to Carbon Dioxide in the Immediate Vicinity of the Critical Point,” Paper No. 68-HT-32, AIChE-ASME Heat Transfer Conference, Philadelphia, Pa. (Aug. 1968).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    W. B. Powell, “Heat Transfer to Fluids in the Region of the Critical Temperature,” Progress Report No. 20–285, Jet Propulsion Laboratory (1956).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. C. Hendricks, R. W. Graham, Y. Y. Hsu, and A. A. Medeiros, Am. Rocket Soc. J., 32(2): 244 (1962).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    H. L. Hess and H. R. Kunz, J. Heat Transfer, 87:41 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    P. J. Bourke and W. H. Denton, “An Unusual Phenomenon of Heat Transfer Near the Critical Point,” AERE-M1946 (1967).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    T. R. Strobridge, “The Thermodynamic Properties of Nitrogen from 114 to 540° R Between 1.0 and 3000 Psia,” NBS Tech. Note No. 129A (1963).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    T. R. Strobridge, private communication.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    J. D. Rogers and F. G. Brickwedde, Physica, 32:1001 (1966); and private communication.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    V. J. Johnson, ed., A Compendium of the Properties of Materials at Low Temperatures, Part I, WADD-TR-60–56 (1960).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    R. S. Thurston, J. D. Rogers, and V. J. Skoglund, in: Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 12, Plenum Press, New York (1967), p. 438.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. L. Von Berg
    • 1
  • K. D. WilliamsonJr.
    • 1
  • F. J. Edeskuty
    • 1
  1. 1.Los Alamos Scientific LaboratoryUniversity of CaliforniaLos AlamosUSA

Personalised recommendations