Stimulants pp 41-98 | Cite as

Amphetamines: Biochemical and Behavioral Actions in Animals

  • Kenneth E. Moore
Part of the Handbook of Psychopharmacology book series (HBKPS, volume 11)


Amphetamine and a number of pharmacologically related drugs act in the brain to increase alertness, suppress appetite, and reduce sleep and fatigue. In animals these drugs generally facilitate ongoing spontaneous and operant behaviors. High doses of these drugs cause stereotyped behaviors that are characteristic for each species, and in humans they can cause toxic psychoses. Acting in the periphery the drugs also have sympathomimetic properties.


Tyrosine Hydroxylase Caudate Nucleus Behavioral Action Stereotyped Behavior Psychomotor Stimulant 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth E. Moore
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PharmacologyMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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