A Metal Bellows Expansion Engine

  • J. L. SmithJr.
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 12)


In 1954 Long and Simon [1] constructed a metal bellows expansion engine for cryogenic service. The two major factors which limited the further development of this engine were the early failure of the bellows from fatigue, and the difficulty in properly filling the clearance volume inside the convolutions of the bellows. Recent advances in the construction of welded metal bellows have opened the possibility of significant progress in the development of such an engine.


Distance Tube Inlet Condition Valve Leakage Vacuum Case Valve Body 


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  1. 1.
    H. M. Long and F. E. Simon, Appl. Sci. Res. 4:237 (1954).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    D. N. Gideon, R. J. Favor, H. J. Grover, and G. M. McClure, “Investigation of Notch Fatigue Behavior of Certain Alloys in the Temperature Range of Room Temperature to — 423°F,” Battelle Memorial Institute, Aeronautical System Division Report No. ASD-TDR-62–351 (August 1962).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. L. SmithJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

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