Advertisement

Performance of a 4°K Refrigerator

  • R. W. Stuart
  • W. H. Hogan
  • A. D. Rogers
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 12)

Abstract

In an earlier paper, a new refrigeration cycle was described by Gifford and McMahon [1,2]. Since this first paper, several other papers have described performance, improvements, and embodiments of this thermodynamic cycle [3–5]. Several papers point out that the Gifford-McMahon cycle is particularly inefficient when compared to the other cycles [6,7]. This has not, hitherto, been commented on critically.

Keywords

Heat Exchanger Adiabatic Compression Refrigeration Cycle Compressor Power Cryogenic Engineer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    W. E. Gifford and H. O. McMahon, “A New Refrigeration Process,” Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Refrigeration, Copenhagen, Denmark (August 1959).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    W. E. Gifford and H. O. McMahon, in: Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 5, Plenum Press, New York (1960), p. 354.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    W. E. Gifford, in: Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 11, Plenum Press, New York (1966), p. 152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    W. H. Hogan and R. W. Stuart, “Design Considerations for Cryogenic Refrigeration,” ASME paper 63-WA-292 (November 1963).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. W. Stuart and W. H. Hogan, in: International Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Plenum Press, New York (1965), p. 62.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    H. M. Long, “Refrigeration at Cryogenic Temperatures,” ASME paper 63-WA-287 (November 1963).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    P. Hrycak, “Thermodynamic Analysis of a New Gas Refrigeration Cycle,” Cryogenics, 3(1):23 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    W. H. Higa and E. Wiebe of Jet Propulsion Laboratories, Private communication (to be published).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    C. E. Witter, in: Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 11, Plenum Press, New York (1966), p. 107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. W. Dean and D. B. Mann, “The Joule-Thomson Process in Cryogenic Refrigeration Systems,” NBS Tech. Note No. 227 (1965).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. W. Stuart
    • 1
  • W. H. Hogan
    • 1
  • A. D. Rogers
    • 1
  1. 1.A. D. Little, Inc.CambridgeUSA

Personalised recommendations