The Transportation of LNG by Ship
The MV Methane Pioneer made her maiden voyage with 5000 m3 of LNG on January 28, 1959; this voyage marked the birth of a new source of energy. Before that time, natural gas had been available only by pipe-line gas transmission and, therefore, had been limited mostly to markets which could be reached by land. The successful voyage opened the possibility for new enterprises; that is, liquefying natural gas at its geological source (e.g., Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela; Cook Inlet, Alaska; Borneo; and Algeria, where the market was indeed very limited) and transporting it by ship either across the Atlantic or Pacific Oceans to a gas-starved area such as England or Japan. Since 1959, these enterprises have proven to be the beginning of a new industry, the growth of which has been governed by the price of gas at the well-head, the costs of ship transportation, and the need for this ‘‘clean’’ fuel; by 1968 the world’s total combined ship capacity will be more than 250,000 m3, a significant increase over the MV Methane Pioneer’s load of 5000 m3.
KeywordsNickel Steel Cook Inlet Balsa Wood Tank Design Cargo Tank
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