A Practical Safety Standard for Commercial Handling of Liquefied Hydrogen

  • W. W. Connolly
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 12)


For many years, the United States Government, through its numerous capable agencies and affiliates [1,2] and as the result of valuable experiments conducted by skilled technical associates [3], has emphasized the massive energy release that results from the detonation or explosion of mixtures of hydrogen with air or oxygen. For comparative purposes, the Government and its agencies have indicated the energy release in terms of the equivalent pounds of TNT.


Liquid Hydrogen Heat Leak Vent Valve Flame Shape Proper Ventilation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    R. Reider, H. J. Otway, and H. T. Knight, Pyrodynamics, 2:249 (1965).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. A. Weintraub, “Control of Liquid Hydrogen Hazards at Experimental Facilities—A Review,’’ Health & Safety Laboratory, U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, New York (May 1965).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    “Final Report on Hazards Associated with the Storage and Handling of Liquid Hydrogen,” A. D. Little, Inc., Contract AF18 (600)-1687 (March 22, 1960).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    “Airco Specifications for Handling Liquid Hydrogen,” Airco Industrial Gases Division, Air Reduction Co., Inc., New York.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    “Standard for Gaseous Hydrogen Systems at Consumer Sites,” Compressed Gas Association, Inc., Pamphlet G-5.1, 1st ed. (1961).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    “Hydrogen,” Compressed Gas Association, Inc., Pamphlet G-5, 2nd ed. (1962).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. W. Connolly
    • 1
  1. 1.Air Reduction Co., Inc.New YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations