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Production of Exotic Particles in Ultrarelativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions

  • M. Greiner
  • M. Vidović
  • J. Rau
  • C. Hofmann
  • G. Soff
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 255)

Abstract

Future pp-supercolliders in principle will also provide the opportunity to accelerate heavy ions. Ion energies up to 3.5 TeV/nucleon will be attainable at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. At the Superconducting Supercollider (SSC) in Texas heavy-ion energies up to 8 TeV/nucleon would be possible. The strong electromagnetic fields prevailing in these ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions can give rise to the production of exotic particles. The considered particles are for example heavy leptons, mesons intermediate vector bosons and even Higgs bosons or supersymmetric particles. They are effectively created via elementary two-photon processes. A simple estimate for the available photon energy yields
$$\hbar {{\omega }_{0}}=\frac{\hbar cr}{R}\simeq 200GeV$$
(1)
assuming a Lorentz contraction factory γ ≃ 8000 at the SSC and R ≃ 7 fm for a lead or uranium nucleus. Thus, centre of momentum energies of a few hundred GeV can be reached in collisions of two virtual photons contained in the Coulomb fields carried along by the colliding nuclei, which represents a necessary prerequisite to produce some of these exotic particles. In particular we evaluate in the following total cross sections [1,2] for the formation of Higgs bosons and supersymmetric particles via the method of equivalent photons [3–7].

Keywords

Higgs Boson Large Hadron Collider Total Cross Section Production Cross Section Differential Cross Section 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Greiner
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. Vidović
    • 3
  • J. Rau
    • 3
  • C. Hofmann
    • 3
  • G. Soff
    • 1
  1. 1.Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (GSI)DarmstadtGermany
  2. 2.Institut für Theoretische PhysikJustus Liebig UniversitätGießenGermany
  3. 3.Institut für Theoretische PhysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-UniversitätFrankfurt am MainGermany

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