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Introduction

  • A. A. Akhrem
  • I. G. Reshetova
  • Yu. A. Titov

Abstract

Birch reduction (see reviews [1–5]) is the name given to the reaction of unsaturated organic compounds with alkali metals and alcohols in liquid ammonia. This method was first used for aromatic compounds in 1937 by Wooster [6], who showed that benzene and its derivatives are reduced by sodium in liquid ammonia in the presence of an alcohol, while this reaction does not take place in the absence of an alcohol. However, the general recognition and broad application of this reaction was achieved only after a series of investigations by Birch published from 1944 onwards [7].

Keywords

Organic Chemistry Organic Compound Alkali Metal Aromatic Compound Reaction Medium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© IFI / Plenum Data Corporation 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Akhrem
    • 1
  • I. G. Reshetova
    • 1
  • Yu. A. Titov
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Organic ChemistryAcademy of Sciences of the USSRMoscowUSSR

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