The Psychological Content of Lucid versus Nonlucid Dreams

  • Jayne Gackenbach


In a review of Stephen LaBerge’s (1985) Lucid Dreaming, David Foulkes (1985) asked a key question: How are lucid and nonlucid dreams different? He pointed out that such a consideration may be the most interesting implication for ordinary dreaming. The issue is, Foulkes notes, what else changes when you change ordinary dreaming by adding a self that intends and reflects. The focus of this chapter is to review research relevant to these concerns. That is, beyond the obvious difference of awareness of dreaming while dreaming, do the psychological contents of lucid and nonlucid dreams differ in other respects?


Mental Imagery Sleep Laboratory Descriptive Element Dream Content Dream Recall 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jayne Gackenbach
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Northern IowaCedar FallsUSA

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