• Stephen LaBerge
  • Jayne Gackenbach


After many years of neglect during the behaviorist period of modern psychology, the past decade has seen the reemergence of interest in consciousness as a topic of legitimate scientific inquiry (Natsoulas, 1978). Researchers interested in consciousness as well as sleep and dreaming have naturally turned increasing attention to a new field of study: consciousness during sleep and the phenomenon of lucid dreaming (van Eeden, 1913), in which people are consciously aware that they are dreaming while they are dreaming. Lucid dreamers can apparently be in full possession of their waking faculties (this is the meaning of the adjective lucid) while continuing to dream vividly. Both subjective reports and physiological evidence indicate that these experiences take place during sound sleep.


Paradoxical Sleep Transcendental Meditation Cortical Arousal Dream Content Full Possession 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen LaBerge
    • 1
  • Jayne Gackenbach
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyStanfordUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Northern IowaCedar FallsUSA

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