Radiation protection and safety

  • Azuwuike Owunwanne
  • Mohan Patel
  • Samy Sadek


The degree of risk(s) associated with radiation increases with increasing exposure. It is always good to reduce the radiation exposures to ‘as low as reasonably achievable’ (ALARA), consistent with provision of benefits to patient, personnel and society in general. The radiation exposure can be minimized by good working habits. Hence radiation protection forms a part of good radiopharmacy practice. The following discussion is a guideline to minimizing radiation exposure to the personnel and patient.


International Atomic Energy Agency Radioactive Material Minimize Radiation Exposure Laboratory Coat Renal Agent 
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  1. 1.
    National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) (1977) Report No. 54, Medical Radiation Exposure of Pregnant and Potentially Pregnant Women, Washington DC.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Annals of the ICRP Publication No. 52 (1987) Protection of the Patient in Nuclear Medicine, Pergamon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Azuwuike Owunwanne, Mohan Patel and Samy Sadek 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Azuwuike Owunwanne
    • 1
  • Mohan Patel
    • 2
  • Samy Sadek
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Nuclear Medicine, Faculty of MedicineKuwait UniversityKuwait
  2. 2.Kuwait Central Radiopharmacy Kuwait Cancer Control CenterMinistry of Public HealthKuwait
  3. 3.Department of Nuclear Medicine Faculty of MedicineKuwait UniversityKuwait

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