Advertisement

Affinity Chromatography

  • C. R. Lowe
  • Y. D. Clonis

Abstract

The separation and purification of groups of biological macromole-cules, such as enzymes, proteins, nucleic acids, and polysaccharides, by conventional procedures often requires considerable experience and expertise since individual members of the groups may differ only slightly in their physicochemical properties. However, one of the most characteristic properties of biological macromolecules is their ability to bind specifically and reversibly to other biomolecules. The technique of affinity chromatography exploits this formation of specific reversible complexes for the resolution of biological macromolecules.(1–3)

Keywords

Affinity Chromatography Activation Procedure Cyanogen Bromide Affinity Adsorbent Immobilize Ligand 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    C. R. Lowe and P. D. G. Dean, Affinity Chromatography, Wiley, Chicester (1974).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    C. R. Lowe, in: Laboratory Techniques in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (T. S. Work and E. Work, eds.), Vol. 7(II), Elsevier, Amsterdam (1979).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    W. H. Scouten, Affinity Chromatography: Bioselective Adsorption on Inert Matrices, Wiley, New York (1981).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    E. Starkenstein, Biochem. Z. 24, 210 (1910).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. Willstätter, E. Waldschmidt-Leitz, and J. Nemmed, Z. Phys. Chem. 123, 93 (1923).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    D. H. Campbell, E. R. Luescher, and L. S. Lerman, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 37, 575 (1951).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    L. S. Lerman, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 39, 232 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    C. Arsenis and D. M. McCormick,J. Biol. Chem. 239, 3093 (1964).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    C. Arsenis and D. M. McCormick,J. Biol. Chem. 241, 330 (1966).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    P. Cuatrecasas, M. Wilchek, and C. B. Anfinsen, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 61, 636 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. Axén, J. Porath, and S. Ernbach, Nature 214, 1302 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. Porath, in: Methods in Enzymology (W. B. Jakoby and M. Wilchek, eds.), Vol. 34, pp. 13–30, Academic Press, New York (1974).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. Turková, Affinity Chromatography, Journal of Chromatography Library, Vol. 12, pp. 246–318, Elsevier, Amsterdam (1978).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. K. Sharma and P. P. Mahendroo,J. Chromatogr. 184, 471 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    T. C. J. Gribnau, Coupling of Effector-Molecules to Solid Supports, Drukkerij van Mameren B. V., Nijmegen (1977).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    C. Araki, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 29, 543 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    S. Arnott, A. Fulmer, and W. E. Scott, J. Mol. Biol. 90, 269 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    S. Hjertén, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 79, 393 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    T. Kristiansen, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 362, 567 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    R. J. Boegman and M. J. Crumpton, Biochem. J. 120, 373 (1970).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    C. R. Lowe, M. J. Harvey, D. B. Craven, and P. D. G. Dean, Biochem. J. 133, 499 (1973).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    J. DeLarco and G. Guroff, Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 50, 486 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    D. Mislovicová, P. Gemeiner, L. Kuniak, and Zemek, J., J. Chromatogr. 194, 95 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    C. F. Schlossman and L. Hudson, J. Immunol. 110, 313 (1973).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    D. B. Thomas and B. Phillips, Eur. J. Immunol. 3, 740 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    C. R. Lowe and P. D. G. Dean, FEBS Lett. 18, 31 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    J. Baird, R. Sherwood, R. F. G. Carr, and A. Atkinson, FEBS Lett. 70, 61 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    S. Hjertén and K. Mosbach, Anal. Biochem. 3, 109 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    J. K. Inman and H. M. Dintzis, Biochemistry 8, 4074 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    R. L. Schnaar and Y. -C. Lee, Biochemistry 14, 1535 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    I. H. Silman and E. Katchalski, Ann. Rev. Biochem. 35(II), 873 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    W. E. Hornby and L. Goldstein, Meth. Enzymol. 44, 118 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    B. H. Yang, P. V. Sundaram, and A. Maelicke, Biochem. J. 199, 317 (1981).Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    J. Turková, J. Chromatogr. 91, 267 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Y. D. Clonis and M. J. Goldfinch, J. Mol. Catal. 16, 1 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    E. Boschetti, P. Girot, J. P. Secheresee, and J. S. Blancard,J. Chromatogr. 210, 469 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    D. W. Jacobsen, Y. D. Montejano, and F. M. Huennekens, Anal. Biochem. 113, 164 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    R. Regnier and W. H. Scouten, Int. Lab. November/December1974, 13.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    M. Glad, S. Ohlson, L. Hansson, M. -O. Månsson, and K. Mosbach, J. Chromatogr. 200, 254 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    C. R. Lowe, M. Glad, P. -O. Larsson, S. Ohlson, D. A. P. Small, A. Atkinson, and K. Mosbach, J. Chromatogr. 215, 303 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    D. A. P. Small, A. Atkinson, and C. R. Lowe,J. Chromatogr. 216, 175 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    P. Cuatrecasas, M. Wilchek, and C. B. Anfinsen, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 61, 636 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    P. Cuatrecasas,J. Biol. Chem. 245, 3059 (1970).Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    M. C. Hipwell, M. J. Harvey, and P. D. G. Dean, FEBS Lett. 42, 355 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    C. R. Lowe, M. J. Harvey, D. B. Craven, and P. D. G. Dean, Biochem. J. 133, 499 (1973).Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    C. R. Lowe, Eur. J. Biochem. 73, 265 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    J. D. Aplin and L. D. Hall, Eur. J. Biochem. 110, 295 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    C. R. Lowe, D. A. P. Small, and A. Atkinson, Int. J. Biochem. 13, 33 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    S. A. Suleiman and R. Spector, Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 208, 87 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    B. H. Yang, P. V. Sundaram, and A. Maelicke, Biochem. J. 199, 317 (1981).Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    R. Jost and A. Yaron, Eur. J. Biochem. 48, 119 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    M. Wilchek and T. Miron, Meth. Enzymol. 34, 72 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    G. Redenilh, R. Richard-Foy, C. Secco, Y. Torelli, R. Bucourt, E. E. Baulieu, and H. Richard-Foy, Eur. J. Biochem. 106, 481 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    P. O’Carra, S. Barry, and T. Griffin, Biochem. Soc. Trans. 1, 289 (1973).Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    S. G. Doley, P. D. G. Dean, G. Dietz, M. J. Harvey, and P. J. Neame, in: Chromatography of Synthetic and Biological Polymers (R. Epton, ed.), Vol. 2, pp. 179–198, Ellis Horwood, Chichester (1978).Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    P. O’Carra and S. Barry, FEBS Lett. 21, 281 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    K. Slavik, W. Rode, and V. Slavikova, Biochemistry 15, 4222 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    C. R. Lowe, in: Affinity Chromatography (O. Hoffmann-Ostenhof et al. eds.), p. 39. Pergamon Press, London (1978).Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    M. J. Harvey, C. R. Lowe, D. B. Craven, and P. D. G. Dean, Eur. J. Biochem. 41, 335 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    C. R. Lowe, I. P. Trayer, and H. R. Trayer, Meth. Enzymol. 66, 192 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    J. F. Biellmann, J. -P. Samama, C. -I. Brändén, and H. Eklund, Eur. J. Biochem. 102, 107 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    C. R. Lowe, in: Topics in Enzyme and Fermentation Biotechnology (A. Wiseman, ed.), Vol. 5, pp. 13–146, Ellis Horwood, Chichester (1981).Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    C. R. Lowe, M. J. Harvey, and P. D. G. Dean, Eur. J. Biochem. 41, 341 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    M. J. Harvey, C. R. Lowe, and P. D. G. Dean, Eur. J. Biochem. 41, 353 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    C. R. Lowe, M. J. Harvey, and P. D. G. Dean, Eur. J. Biochem. 41, 347 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    C. R. Lowe and K. Mosbach, Eur. J. Biochem. 52, 99 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    P. O’Carra, S. Barry, and T. Griffin, Meth. Enzymol. 34, 108 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    R. Axén, J. Porath, and S. Ernbach, Nature 214, 1302 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    S. C. March, I. Parikh, and P. Cuatrecasas, Anal. Biochem. 60, 149 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    J. Porath, K. Aspberg, H. Drevin, and R. Axén,J. Chromatogr. 86, 53 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    R. Jost, T. Miron, and M. Wilchek, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 362, 75 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    B. Svensson, FEBS Lett. 29, 167 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    R. J. Yon and R. J. Simmonds, Biochem. J. 151, 281 (1974).Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    G. I. Tesser, H. -U. Fisch, and R. Schwyzer, Hew. Chim. Acta 57, 1218 (1974).Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    J. Porath and L. Sundberg, Nature New Biol. 238, 261 (1972).Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    M. Caron, F. Fabia, A. Faure, and P. Corhillot,J. Chromatogr. 87, 239 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    R. G. Coombe and A. M. George, Aust. J. Biol. Sci. 29, 305 (1976).Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    G. S. Bethel, J. S. Ayers, W. S. Hancock, and M. T. W. Hearn,J. Biol. Chem. 254, 2572 (1979).Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    K. Nilsson and K. Mosbach, Eur. J. Biochem. 112, 397 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    R. Lamed, Y. Leven, and M. Wilchek, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 304, 231 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    M. Wilchek and R. Lamed, in: Methods in Enzymology (W. B. Jakoby and M. Wilchek, eds.), Vol. 34, p. 475 (1974).Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    J. Porath, J. -C. Janson, and T. Läas,J. Chromatogr. 60, 167 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    T. Kristiansen, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 362, 567 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    T. Láás, J. Chromatogr. 111, 373 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    J. Porath and R. Axén, in: Methods in Enzymology (K. Mosbach, ed.), 44, 19 (1976).Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    J. Brandt, L. O. Andersson, and J. Porath, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 386, 196 (1975).Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    G. Kay and M. D. Lilly, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 198, 276 (1970).Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    J. R. Wykes, P. Dunnill, and M. D. Lilly, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 250, 522 (1971).Google Scholar
  89. 89.
    K. Watanabe, K. Kimura, H. Marumo, and H. Samejima, Agric. Biol. Chem. 41, 547 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Y. Morikawa, T. Tezuka, M. Teranishi, K. Kimura, Y. Fujimoto, and H. Samejima, Agric. Biol. Chem. 40, 1137 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 92.
    K. Nilsson, O. Norrlöw, and K. Mosbach, Acta Chem. Scand. B35, 19 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 93.
    K. Nilsson and K. Mosbach, Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 102, 449 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 94.
    E. E. Rickli and P. A. Cuendet, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 250, 447 (1971).Google Scholar
  94. 95.
    C. J. Sanderson and D. V. Wilson, Immunology 20, 1061 (1971).Google Scholar
  95. 96.
    H. H. Weetall and A. M. Filbert, in: Methods in Enzymology (W. K. Jakoby and M. Wilchek, eds.), Vol. 34, p. 59 (1974).Google Scholar
  96. 97.
    M. Robert-Gero and J. P. Waller, Eur. J. Biochem. 31, 315 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 98.
    C. R. Lowe, M. J. Harvey, D. B. Craven, and P. D. G. Dean, Biochem. J. 133, 499 (1973).Google Scholar
  98. 99.
    A. N. Emery, J. S. Hough, J. M. Novais, and T. P. Lyons, Chem. Eng. 258, 71 (1972).Google Scholar
  99. 100.
    J. F. Kennedy and V. W. Pike, Enzyme Microb. Technol. 1, 31 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 101.
    P. Hughes, C. R. Lowe, and R. F. Sherwood, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 700, 90 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 102.
    M. J. Comer, D. B. Craven, M. J. Harvey, A. Atkinson, and P. D. G. Dean, Eur. J. Biochem. 55, 201 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 103.
    F. Qadri and P. D. G. Dean, Biochem. J. 191, 53 (1980).Google Scholar
  103. 104.
    K. Kasai and S. Ishii, J. Biochem. (Tokyo) 77, 261 (1975).Google Scholar
  104. 105.
    B. M. Pogell, Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 7, 225 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. 106.
    J. A. Illingsworth and K. F. Tipton, Biochem. J. 118, 253 (1970).Google Scholar
  106. 107.
    F. von der Haar, Eur. J. Biochem. 34, 84 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. 108.
    H. G. Faulhammer and F. Cramer, Eur. J. Biochem. 75, 561 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 109.
    R. K. Scopes, Biochem. J. 161, 253 (1977).Google Scholar
  109. 110.
    R. J. Yon, Biochem. J. 161, 233 (1976).Google Scholar
  110. 111.
    R. J. Yon, Biochem. J. 185, 211 (1980).Google Scholar
  111. 112.
    P. O’Carra and S. Barry, FEBS Lett. 21, 281 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. 113.
    P. Andrews, FEBS Lett. 9, 297 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. 114.
    Y. D. Clonis, M. J. Goldfinch, and C. R. Lowe, Biochem. J. 197, 203 (1981).Google Scholar
  114. 115.
    R. Ohlsson, P. Brodelius, and K. Mosbach, FEBS Lett. 25, 234 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. 116.
    L. Andersson, H. Jörnvall, and K. Mosbach, Anal. Biochem. 69, 401 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. 117.
    C. R. Lowe, M. Glad, P. -O. Larsson, S. Ohlson, D. A. P. Small, A. Atkinson, and K. Mosbach, J. Chromatogr. 215, 303 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. 118.
    N. O. Kaplan, J. Everse, J. E. Dixon, F. E. Stolzenbach, C. -Y. Lee, C. -L. Lee, S. S. Taylor, and K. Mosbach, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 71, 3450 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. 119.
    C. -Y. Lee, L. H. Lazarus, and N. O. Kaplan, in: Enzyme Engineering (E. K. Pye and H. H. Weetall, eds.), Vol. 3, p. 299, Plenum Press, New York (1978).Google Scholar
  119. 120.
    K. Slavik, W. Rode, and V. Slavikova, Biochemistry 15, 4222 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. 121.
    R. Barker, K. W. Olsen, J. H. Shaper, and R. L. Hill,J. Biol. Chem. 247, 7135 (1972).Google Scholar
  121. 122.
    I. P. Trayer and H. R. Trayer, FEBS Lett. 54, 291 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. 123.
    M. J. Iqbal, L. Ford, and M. W. Johnson, FEBS Lett. 87, 235 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. 124.
    M. R. A. Morgan, P. J. Brown, M. J. Leyland, and P. D. G. Dean, FEBS Lett. 87, 239 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. 125.
    H. Sato, E. Hiei, S. Shimizu, and R. H. Abeles, FEBS Lett. 85, 73 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. 126.
    C. M. Sturgeon and J. F. Kennedy, Enzyme Microb. Technol., Literature surveys (1978–1985).Google Scholar
  126. 127.
    K. Mosbach, Adv. Enzymol. 46, 205 (1978).Google Scholar
  127. 128.
    I. P. Trayer and M. A. Winstanley, Int. J. Biochem. 9, 449 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. 129.
    Y. D. Clonis, J. Chromatogr. 236, 69 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. 130.
    Y. D. Clonis, in Affinity Chromatography of Nucleotide-Dependent Enzymes, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Southampton, 1981.Google Scholar
  130. 131.
    Y. D. Clonis, Chimika Chronika (Athens), New Series 11, 87 (1982).Google Scholar
  131. 132.
    P. D. G. Dean and D. H. Watson, J. Chromatogr. 165, 301.Google Scholar
  132. 133.
    S. Fulton, in: Dye-Ligand Chromatography (M. Maroies, ed.), Amicon Corp., Lexington, Mass. (1980).Google Scholar
  133. 134.
    J. Baird, R. Sherwood, R. F. G. Carr, and A. Atkinson, FEBS Lett. 70, 61 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. 135.
    A. J. Turner and J. Hryszko, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 613, 256 (1980).Google Scholar
  135. 136.
    Y. D. Clonis and C. R. Lowe, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 659, 86 (1981).Google Scholar
  136. 137.
    C. J. Bruton and A. Atkinson, Nucl. Acid Res. 7, 1579 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. 138.
    C. R. Lowe, M. Hans, N. Spibey, and W. T. Drabble, Anal. Biochem. 104, 23 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. 139.
    P. J. Neame and I. Parikh, Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 7, 295 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. 140.
    M. D. Scawen, J. Darbyshire, M. J. Harvey, and A. Atkinson, Biochem. J. 203, 699 (1982).Google Scholar
  140. 141.
    R. A. Edwards and R. W. Woody, Biochemistry 18, 5197 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. 142.
    M. Land and P. G. H. Byfield, Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 1, 223 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. 143.
    A. Atkinson, P. M. Hammond, R. D. Hartwell, P. Hughes, M. D. Scawen, R. F. Sherwood, D. A. P. Small, C. J. Bruton, M. J. Harvey, and C. R. Lowe, Biochem. Soc. Trans. 9, 290 (1981).Google Scholar
  143. 144.
    J. Lascu, M. Duc, and A. Cristea, Anal. Biochem. 113, 207 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. 145.
    W. Rosner and H. L. Bradlow,J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 33, 193 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. 146.
    P. Cuatrecasas and I. Parikh, Meth. Enzymol. 34, 653 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. 147.
    T. W. Siegel, S. Ganguly, S. Jacobs, O. M. Rosen, and C. S. Rubin, J. Biol. Chem. 256, 9266 (1981).Google Scholar
  147. 148.
    J. A. Hedo, L. C. Harrison, and J. Roth, Biochemistry 20, 3385 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. 149.
    C. Rickards, P. Buckland, B. R. Smith, and R. Hall, FEBS Lett. 127, 17 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. 150.
    F. A. Stephenson, R. Harrison, and G. G. Lunt, Eur. J. Biochem. 115, 91 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. 151.
    N. Sharon, in: Affinity Chromatography and Molecular Interactions (J. M. Egly, ed.), Vol. 86, pp. 197–205, Inserm Colloque, Paris (1979).Google Scholar
  151. 153.
    T. Kristiansen, in: Protides of Biological Fluids (H. Peeters, ed.), p. 495, Pergamon Press, Oxford (1976).Google Scholar
  152. 154.
    T. Kristiansen, M. Sparrman, and J. Moreno-Lopez, in: Affinity Chromatography and Molecular Interactions (J. -M. Egly, ed.), Vol. 86, pp. 217–229, Inserm Colloque, Paris (1979).Google Scholar
  153. 155.
    P. Cuatrecasas and M. Wilchek, Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 33, 235–239 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. 156.
    G. Heney and G. A. Orr, Anal. Biochem. 114, 92 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. 157.
    D. W. Jacobsen, Y. D. Montejano, and F. M. Huennekens, Anal. Biochem. 113, 164 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. 158.
    A. H. Merrill and D. B. McCormick,J. Biol. Chem. 255, 1335 (1980).Google Scholar
  157. 159.
    J. Sobhanaditya and N. Appaji-Rao, Biochem. J. 197, 227 (1981).Google Scholar
  158. 160.
    H. L. Drake, S. L Hu, and H. G. Wood,J. Biol. Chem. 225, 7174 (1980).Google Scholar
  159. 161.
    R. L. Then, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 614, 25 (1980).Google Scholar
  160. 162.
    F. A. Firgaira, R. G. H. Cotton, and D. M. Danks, Biochem. J. 197, 31 (1981).Google Scholar
  161. 163.
    A. J. Wittwer and C. Wagner, J. Biol. Chem. 256, 4102 (1981).Google Scholar
  162. 164.
    S. A. Suleiman and R. Spector, Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 208, 87 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. 165.
    H. Nakata and H. Fujisawa,J. Biochem. (Tokyo) 90, 567 (1981).Google Scholar
  164. 166.
    T. P. Conway and U. Muller-Eberhard, Fed. Proc. Fed. Am. Soc. Exp. Biol. 32, 1386 (1973).Google Scholar
  165. 167.
    K. W. Olsen, Anal. Biochem. 109, 250 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. 168.
    E. Schmincke-Ott and H. Bisswinger, Eur. J. Biochem. 114, 413 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. 169.
    W. H. Scouten, F. Torok, and W. Gitomer, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 309, 521 (1973).Google Scholar
  168. 170.
    E. Ryan and P. F. Fottrell, FEBS Lett. 23, 73 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. 171.
    F. Kwok and J. E. Churchick, J. Biol. Chem. 254, 6489 (1979).Google Scholar
  170. 172.
    C. D. Cash, M. Maitre, J. F. Rumigny, and P. Mandel, Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 96, 1755 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. 173.
    J. W. Baynes and F. Wold, J. Biol. Chem. 251, 6016 (1976).Google Scholar
  172. 174.
    R. E. Scofield, R. P. Werner, and F. Wold, Anal. Biochem. 77, 152 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. 175.
    P. T. Jackson, R. M. Wolcott, and T. Shiota, Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 51, 428 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. 176.
    H. -U. Siebeneick and B. R. Baker, Meth. Enzymol. 34, 523 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. 177.
    D. L. Garbers,J. Biol. Chem. 254, 240 (1979).Google Scholar
  176. 178.
    J. M. Wilson, B. W. Baugher, L. Landa, and W. N. Kelley,J. Biol. Chem. 256, 10,306 (1981).Google Scholar
  177. 179.
    P. B. Iynedijan, Enzyme (Basel) 24, 366 (1980).Google Scholar
  178. 180.
    L. Jervis, Biochem. J. 121, 29P (1972).Google Scholar
  179. 181.
    S. Kanaya and J. Uchida, J. Biochem. (Tokyo) 89, 591 (1981).Google Scholar
  180. 182.
    D. J. Ball and T. S. Nishimura,J. Biol. Chem. 255, 10,805 (1980).Google Scholar
  181. 183.
    H. Rosemeyer and F. Seela, Carbohydrate Res. 62, 155 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  182. 184.
    H. Rosemeyer and F. Seela, Anal. Biochem. 115, 339 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  183. 185.
    Y. D. Clonis and C. R. Lowe, Eur. J. Biochem. 110, 279 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. 186.
    W. Rohde and A. G. Lezius, Hoppe-Sey1er’s Z. Physiol. Chem. 352, 1507 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. 187.
    E. P. Kowal and G. Markus, Prep. Biochem. 6, 369 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. 188.
    R. Barker, K. W. Olsen, J. H. Shaper, and R. L. Hill,J. Biol. Chem. 247, 7135 (1972).Google Scholar
  187. 189.
    R. K. Wierenga, J. D. Huizinga, W. Gaastra, G. W. Welling, and J. J. Beintema, FEBS Lett. 31, 181 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  188. 190.
    K. W. Bock, D. Josting, W. Liliemblum, and J. Pfeil, Eur. J. Biochem. 98, 19 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  189. 191.
    D. J. Arndt-Jovin, T. M. Jovin, W. Bähr, A. M. Frischauf, and M. Marquardt, Eur. J. Biochem. 54, 411 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  190. 192.
    H. Schauer, C. Nüsslein, J. F. Bonhoefer, C. Kurz, and I. Nietzschman, Eur. J. Biochem. 26, 474 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  191. 193.
    H. Tanaka, I. Sasaki, K. Tamashita, K. Miyazaki, Y. Matuo, J. Yamashita, and T. Hurio,J. Biochem. (Tokyo) 88, 797 (1980).Google Scholar
  192. 194.
    P. Nehls and M. Renz, Anal. Biochem. 107, 124 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. 195.
    H. C. Schröder, R. K. Zahn, K. Dose, and W. E. G. Müller,J. Biol. Chem. 255, 4535 (1980).Google Scholar
  194. 196.
    J. DeMaeyer-Guignard, M. G. Tovey, and I. Gresser, Nature 271, 622 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  195. 197.
    M. Pietrzak, H. Cundy, and M. Maluszynski, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 614, 102 (1980).Google Scholar
  196. 198.
    P. L. Ey, S. J. Prowse, and C. R. Jenkin, Immunochemistry 15, 429 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  197. 199.
    P. R. Field, S. Shankers, and A. M. Murphy,J. Immunol. Meth. 32, 59 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  198. 200.
    B. W. Maidment, L. D. Papsidero, M. Gamarra, T. Nemoto, and M. Chut, Anal. Biochem. 111, 336 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. 201.
    A. T. Yeung, K. J. Turner, N. F. Bascomb, and R. B. Schmidt, Anal. Biochem. 110, 216 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  200. 202.
    M. C. Stuart, S. Ellis, L. Gowlland, and S. Tuff, Clin. Chem. 27, 52 (1981).Google Scholar
  201. 203.
    K. Resch, S. Schneider, and M. Szamel, Anal. Biochem. 117, 282 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  202. 204.
    J. Hermann and B. Keil, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 643, 30 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  203. 205.
    E. Reinwald, P. Rautenberg, and H. J. Risse, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 668, 119 (1981).Google Scholar
  204. 206.
    A. Jakobovits, Y. Eshdat, and N. Sharon, Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 100, 1484 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  205. 207.
    J. A. Hedo, L. C. Harrison, and J. Roth, Biochemistry 20, 3385 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  206. 208.
    M. J. Hayman and M. J. Crumpton, Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 47, 923 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  207. 209.
    D. T. Dorai, B. K. Bachhawat, and S. Bishayee, Anal. Biochem. 115, 130 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  208. 210.
    J. Viitala, K. K. Karhi, C. G. Gahmberg, J. Finne, A. Järnefelt, G. Myllydä, and T. Krusius, Eur. J. Biochem. 113, 259 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  209. 211.
    R. P. Singhal, R. K. Bajaj, C. M. Buess, D. M. Smoll, and V. N. Vakharia, Anal. Biochem. 109, 1 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  210. 212.
    V. Bouriotis, I. J. Galpin, and P. D. G. Dean, J. Chromatogr. 210, 267 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  211. 213.
    T. A. Myöhänen, V. Bouriotis, and P. D. G. Dean, Biochem. J. 197, 683 (1981).Google Scholar
  212. 214.
    P. Brodelius and K. Mosbach, FEBS Lett. 35, 223 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  213. 215.
    L. Andersson, H. Jörnvall, and K. Mosbach, Anal. Biochem. 69, 401 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  214. 216.
    R. A. Walk and B. Hock, Eur. J. Biochem. 71, 25 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  215. 217.
    S. E. Fisher and G. S. Whitt, Anal. Biochem. 94, 89 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  216. 218.
    K. Mosbach, H. Guilford, R. Ohlsson, and M. Scott, Biochem. J. 127, 625 (1972).Google Scholar
  217. 219.
    J. J. Holbrook, J. Bucher, and R. Panniall, Hoppe-Seyler’s Z. Physiol. Chem. 357, 623 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  218. 220.
    J. Travis, J. Bowen, D. Tewksbury, D. Johnson, and R. Pannell, Biochem. J. 157, 301 (1976).Google Scholar
  219. 221.
    M. Dao, J. Watson, R. Delaney, and B. Johnson, J. Biol. Chem. 254, 9441 (1979).Google Scholar
  220. 222.
    M. R. Villarejo and I. Zabin, Nature New Biol. 242, 50 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  221. 223.
    H. J. Gilbert, C. R. Lowe, and W. T. Drabble, Biochem. J. 183, 481 (1979).Google Scholar
  222. 224.
    P. D. G. Dean and D. H. Watson, in: Affinity Chromatography (O. Hoifmann-Ostenhof et al., eds.), pp. 25–38, Pergamon Press, London (1978).Google Scholar
  223. 225.
    J. W. Godding,J. Immunol. Meth. 13, 215 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  224. 226.
    P. Cuatrecasas,J. Biol. Chem. 245, 574 (1970).Google Scholar
  225. 227.
    P. Menter and W. Burke, Fed. Proc, Fed. Am. Soc. Exp. Biol. 38, 673 (1979).Google Scholar
  226. 228.
    B. M. Dunn and I. M. Chaiken, Biochemistry 14, 2343 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  227. 229.
    K. Kasai and S. Ishii, J. Biochem. (Tokyo) 72, 629 (1976).Google Scholar
  228. 230.
    C. R. Lowe and M. G. Gore, FEBS Lett. 77, 247 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  229. 231.
    S. Angal and I. M. Chaiken, Biochemistry 21, 1574 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  230. 232.
    P. Brodelius and K. Mosbach, Anal. Biochem. 72, 629 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  231. 233.
    P. O’Carra and S. Barry, FEBS Lett. 21, 281 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  232. 234.
    I. P. Trayer, Biochem. Soc. Trans. 2, 1302 (1974).Google Scholar
  233. 235.
    B. Höjeberg, P. Brodelius, J. Rydström, and K. Mosbach, Eur. J. Biochem. 66, 467 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  234. 236.
    C. R. Lowe, in: Theory and Practice in Affinity Techniques (P. V. Sundaram and F. Eckstein, eds.), pp. 55–75,Academic Press, London (1978).Google Scholar
  235. 237.
    P. D. Berk, P. H. Plotz, and B. F. Scharschmidt, in: Biomedical Applications of Immobilised Enzymes and Proteins (T. M. S. Chang, ed.), Vol. 1, pp. 297–317, Plenum Press, New York (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  236. 238.
    S. Ohlson, L. Hansson, P. O. Larsson, and K. Mosbach, FEBS Lett. 93, 5 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  237. 239.
    M. Glad, S. Ohlson, L. Hansson, M. O. Månsson, and K. Mosbach, J. Chromatogr. 200, 254 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  238. 240.
    D. A. P. Small, A. Atkinson, and C. R. Lowe, J. Chromatogr. 248, 271 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  239. 241.
    A. Borchert, P. O. Larsson, and K. Mosbach, J. Chromatogr. 244, 49 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  240. 242.
    C. R. Lowe, FEBS Lett. 106, 405 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  241. 243.
    C. R. Lowe, Trends in Biotechnology 2, 59 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  242. 244.
    G. Poste and R. Kirsh, Biotechnology 1, 869 (1984).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. R. Lowe
    • 1
  • Y. D. Clonis
    • 1
  1. 1.The Biotechnology CentreUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeEngland

Personalised recommendations