Taurine and Tapetum Structure

  • J. A. Sturman
  • G. Y. Wen
  • H. M. Wisniewski
  • W. H. Niemann
  • K. C. Hayes
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 139)


The tapetum lucidum is a multi-layer reflecting surface situated in the eyes of a number of vertebrates (Fig. 1). It is located behind the photoreceptors and gives them a second opportunity to absorb light not initially absorbed (see 15 for review). Our interest in the physiological role of taurine and recent discovery that dietary taurine deprivation causes disorganization and degeneration of the tapetum lucidum of the cat (21) lead to the present investigations of the chemistry and structure of the tapetum lucidum. We have further examined the tapetum in normal and taurine-depleted cats and in a naturally occurring tapetal abnormality in the beagle dog.


Tapetal Cell Ultrastructural Examination Ocular Toxicity Autosomal Recessive Trait Taurine Concentration 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. A. Sturman
    • 1
  • G. Y. Wen
    • 1
  • H. M. Wisniewski
    • 1
  • W. H. Niemann
    • 2
  • K. C. Hayes
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Pathological NeurobiologyInstitute for Basic Research in Mental RetardationStaten IslandUSA
  2. 2.Department of Experimental Pathology and ToxicologyHoffmann-La Roche IncNutleyUSA
  3. 3.Department of NutritionHarvard School of Public HealthBostonUSA

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