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Glycolipid Antigens and Genetic Markers

  • Sen-itiroh Hakomori
  • William W. YoungJr.
Part of the Handbook of Lipid Research book series (HLRE, volume 3)

Abstract

The classical immunological phenomena described as species specificity and tissue specificity were intensively studied in the early part of this century. Some of these antigens were identified as “lipoid,” namely, those extractable with ethanol or ethanol-ether mixtures, and had extremely complex chemical composition containing phosphorus, nitrogen, sugars, and other constituents.(1,2) These properties were considered to be equivalent to those of type- specific antigens of bacteria that are currendy known as “lipopolysaccharides.” In these classical studies, heterologous antisera were prepared against whole tissue homogenates, and specific reactions were observed between the antisera and the alcohol-soluble fraction of cells or tissues by complement-fixation tests (for reviews, see Landsteiner,(3) Day,(4) and Rapport and Graf(12)). These “alcohol-soluble antigens” were not immunogenic unless they were mixed and co-injected with carrier proteins (“Schlepper”).(5) Thus, the serological concept of “lipid hapten” was well established during the Landsteiner era, although the chemical properties and structures of these haptens were far from being known.

Keywords

Blood Group Human Erythrocyte Membrane Glycolipid Antigen Glycolipid Fraction Blood Group Substance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sen-itiroh Hakomori
  • William W. YoungJr.

There are no affiliations available

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