5′-Methylthioadenosine is the Major Source of Adenine in Human Cells
The thioether nucleoside, 5′-methylthioadenosine (MTA) (Figure 1) is a product of transpropylamine reactions which lead to the synthesis of spermidine and spermine (Figure 2)(1). These polyamines are ubiquitous in mammalian cells (2). Their synthesis, and concomitantly the production of MTA, increases during periods of rapid growth (3). MTA does not accumulate in mammalian cells. Rather, the nucleoside is cleaved by MTA Phosphorylase (5′-methylthiadenosine: orthophosphate methylthioribosyltransferase), to yield adenine and 5-methylthioribose 1-phosphate (Figure 2)(4).
KeywordsBoronate Adenosine Methionine Adenine Purine
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