Zero-Quantum Superconducting Magnetic Shield
The design of a new superconducting magnetic shield suitable for use with magnetic monopole detectors is described, together with a method for achieving a final state in which no magnetic flux quanta are trapped in the shield’s central region. The magnetic shield consists basically of a specially designed superconducting cylindrical tube, equipped with electrical and magnetic devices to remove flux quanta trapped during cooldown. An electrical current is applied along the length of the tube to cause mutual annihilation of trapped vortices and antivortices in the tube’s central region and thus to remove flux quanta transverse to the cylinder axis. A parallel applied magnetic field then moves an appropriate number of vortices and antivortices from tube-end reservoirs to opposite ends until no longitudinal flux quanta thread the tube. Also, a procedure is described by which the shield itself could be used as a monopole detector.
KeywordsCylindrical Shell Cylinder Axis Flux Quantum Shell Wall Ambient Magnetic Field
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.