Cardiac-Respiratory Integration: Implications for the Analysis and Interpretation of Phasic Cardiac Responses

  • Graham Turpin
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 114)


Measures of cardiovascular activity have been extensively employed by psychophysiologists to index covert psychological processes. Previous applications of measures such as heart rate have included attempts to quantify such diverse psychological constructs as drive, arousal, activation, anxiety and cognitive effort (Cacioppo and Petty 1982; Obrist, 1981; Orlebeke et al., in press; Siddle and Turpin, 1980). Currently, discrete and subtle phasic heart rate (HR) changes are interpreted as representing different forms of information processing ranging from stimulus registration through to response preparation (Coles et al., in press; Jennings, in press). In contrast, measures of respiration have seldom been adopted as bona fide dependent measures. Instead, they have frequently been relegated to the level of artifact, and obtained only in order to exclude autonomic responses associated with breathing irregularities such as coughing and sighing.


Auditory Stimulus Heart Rate Response Breathing Pattern Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia Respiratory Cycle 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Graham Turpin
    • 1
  1. 1.Plymouth PolytechnicUK

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