The Use of Feedback to Reduce the Cardiovascular Response to Exercise

  • D. W. Johnston
  • C. R. Lo
  • G. V. Marie
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 114)


Ever since the earliest studies of cardiovascular feedback (e.g., Engel and Hansen, 1967; Brener and Hothersall, 1967) and during the brief flowering of interest in the operant control of autonomic responses in lower animals (Miller, 1969), three questions have dominated empirical, non-therapeutic studies of biofeedback-aided learning or control. These are the following:
  1. 1.

    Is voluntary control of autonomically innervated systems possible?

  2. 2.

    Does biofeedback aid such control?

  3. 3.

    If achieved, is this control direct and specific to the systems being fed back or part of an overall pattern of nervous and metabolic adjustments?



Bicycle Ergometer Cardiovascular Response Voluntary Control Static Exercise Dynamic Exercise 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. W. Johnston
    • 1
  • C. R. Lo
    • 1
  • G. V. Marie
    • 1
  1. 1.University of OxfordUK

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