The Integration and Differentiation of Cardiovascular and Metabolic Responses to Stress

  • Alan W. Langer
  • Catherine M. Stoney
  • Paul A. Obrist
  • James R. Sutterer
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 114)


The problem of clarifying how cardiac and metabolic (somatic) processes interact over a wide range of behavioral conditions which have been variously characterized as stressful has been of long standing interest to both physiologists and psychophysiologists alike. Not only are the relationships among these events rather complex from a physiological point of view, but also from a behavioral standpoint. For example, the term stress refers to a rather heterogeneous set of events such as heat stress, cold stress, exhaustion, infection, trauma, anxiety, nervous tension, strain, and even physical exertion and exercise. Furthermore, even when the analysis is limited to only one type of stress, such as psychological stress, the welter of results that emerge are somewhat difficult to summarize. This difficulty can, in part, be ascribed to the facts that many of the studies reported frequently operationalize stress using different experimental paradigms and involve experiments conducted on various species. Moreover, even where the focus is limited to outcomes with human volunteers, the populations from which samples have been selected often vary along many important dimensions. Notwithstanding these difficulties, the scope of the present chapter will be delimited to one which focuses on the cardiac-metabolic (somatic) interactions which take place during physical (exercise) and psychological stress.


Cardiac Output Total Peripheral Resist Systolic Time Interval Propranolol Hydrochloride Heart Rate Reactivity 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan W. Langer
    • 1
  • Catherine M. Stoney
    • 1
  • Paul A. Obrist
    • 2
  • James R. Sutterer
    • 1
  1. 1.Behavioral Physiology Laboratory, Department of PsychologySyracuse UniversitySyracuseUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry, School of MedicineUniversity of North CarolinaChapel HillUSA

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