Disease and Diagnosis, a Philosophical Analysis
By first approximation, the relation between disease and diagnosis looks like that between a botanical or zoological species and the process leading to its identification. The comparison is of course tenable as long as diseases are viewed as distinct entities, comparable to biological species, having an identity of their own which is reproduced and can be recognized in each individual case. This view comes natural to physicians and has been influential in medical theory since at least the work of Th. Sydenham (1624–1689). It first came to full expression in the 18th century taxonomies of disease (e.g. Sauvage, or Pinel).
KeywordsHepatitis Europe Endocarditis Myocarditis Myopia
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