Advertisement

Depression

  • Lynn P. Rehm
  • Paras Mehta

Abstract

Disorders of mood include various syndromes of depression and of mania, separately and in combination. These are ordinarily distinguished from anxiety syndromes, although the boundaries between depression and anxiety are not distinct and much overlap in symptoms exists. The term “affective disorders” is sometimes applied to depression, mania, and the anxiety disorders. Although the mood disorders are characterized as disturbances of mood, which range from profound sadness to grandiose elation, the syndromes include symptoms in cognitive, behavioral, and somatic domains as well.

Keywords

Mood Disorder Personality Disorder Manic Episode Attributional Style Unipolar Depression 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abramson, L. Y., Seligman, M. E. P., & Teasdale, J. D. (1978). Learned helplessness in humans: Critique and reformulation. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 87, 32–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alloy, L. B., Clements, C., & Kolden, G. (1985). The cognitive diathesis-stress theories of depression: Therapeutic implications. In S. Reiss & R. R. Bootzin (Eds.), Theoretical issues in behavior therapy (pp. 379–410). Orlando, FL: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  3. American Psychiatric Association. (1987) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 3rd Edition, Revised. Washington, DC: Author.Google Scholar
  4. American Psychiatric Association (1993). DSM-IV draft criteria. Washington, DC: Author.Google Scholar
  5. Andreasen, N. C., Rice, J., Endicott, J., Coryell, W, Grove, W M., & Reich, T. (1987). Familial rates of affective disorder. A report from the National Institute of Mental Health Collaborative Study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 44, 461–469.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Angst, J., Bastrup, P., Grof, P., Hippius, H., Poldinger, W, & Weiss, P. (1973). The course of monopolar and bipolar psychoses. Psychiatrica, Neurologica, and Neurochirurgia, 76, 489–500.Google Scholar
  7. Beach, S. R. H., & O’Leary K. D. (1986). The treatment of depression occurring in the context of marital discord. Behavior Therapy, 17, 43–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Beck, A. T. (1972). Depression: Causes and treatment. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar
  9. Bertelsen, A., Harvald, B., & Hauge, M. (1977). A Danish twin study of manic depressive disorders. British Journal of Psychiatry, 130, 330–351.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Brown, R. A., & Lewinsohn, P. M. (1984). A psychoeducational approach to the treatment of depression: Comparison of group, individual, and minimal contact procedures. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 52, 774–783.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Egeland, J. A., Gerhard, D. S., Pauls, D. S., Sussex, J. N., Kidd, K. K., Allen, C. R., Hostetter, A. M., & Housman, D. (1987). Bipolar affective disorders linked to DNA markers on chromosome II. Nature, 325, 783–787.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Elkin, I., Shea, M. T., Watkins, J. T., Imber, S. D., Sotsky S. M., Collins, J. F., Glass, D. R., Pilkonis, P. A., Leber, W. R., Docherty J. P., Fiester, S. J., & Parloff, M. B. (1989). National Institute of Mental Health treatment of depression collaborative research program: General effectiveness of treatments. Archives of General Psychiatry, 46, 971–982.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ellicot, A., Hammen, C., Gitlin, M., Brown, G., & Jamison, K. (1990). Life events and course of bipolar disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 147, 1194–1198.Google Scholar
  14. Fuchs, C. Z., & Rehm, L. P. (1977). A self-control behavior therapy program for depression. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 45, 206–215.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gotlib, I. H., & Colby, C. A. (1987). Treatment of depression: An interpersonal systems approach. New York: Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
  16. Heiby E. M. (1982). A self-reinforcement questionnaire. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 20, 397–401.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hollon, S. D., & Kendall, P. C. (1980). Cognitive self-statements in depression: Development of an automatic thoughts questionnaire. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 4, 383–397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kanfer, F. H. (1970). Self-regulation: Research, issues and speculations. In C Neuringer & J. L. Michael (Eds.), Behavior modification in clinical psychology (pp. 178–220). New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.Google Scholar
  19. Klerman, G. L., Weissman, M. M., Rounsaville, B. J., & Chevron, E. S. (1984). Interpersonal psychotherapy of depression. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  20. Kraepelin, E. (1921). Manic-depressive insanity and paranoia. Edinburgh, Scotland: Livingstone.Google Scholar
  21. Leonhard, K. (1957). Aufteilung der Endogenen Psychosen (4th Ed.). Berlin: Akademieverlag.Google Scholar
  22. Lewinsohn, P. M. (1974). A behavioral approach to depression. In R. M. Friedman & M. M. Katz (Eds.), The psychology of depression: Contemporary theory and research, (pp. 157–185) New York: John Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
  23. Lewinsohn, P. M. (1991). Depression in adolescents. Paper presented at the 99th meeting of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco.Google Scholar
  24. Lewinsohn, P. M., Larson, D. W, & Munoz, R. F. (1982). The measurement of expectancies and other cognitions in depressed individuals. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 6, 437–446.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. MacPhillamy D. J., & Lewinsohn, P. M. (1974). Depression as a function of levels of desired and obtained pleasure. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 83, 651–657.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. MacPhillamy, D. J., & Lewinsohn, P. M. (1982). The Pleasant Events Schedule: Studies on reliability, validity, and scale intercorrelation. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 50, 363–380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. McLean, P. D., & Hakstian, A. R. (1979). Clinical depression: Comparative efficacy of outpatient treatments. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 47, 818–836.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Mendlewicz, J., & Rainer, J. D. (1977). Adoption studies in manic-depressive illness. Nature, 268, 327–329.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Miller, I. W., Norman, W. H., Keitner, G. I., Bishop, S. B., & Dow, M. G. (1989). Cognitive-behavioral treatment of depressed inpatients. Behavior Therapy, 20, 25–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Miranda, J., & Persons, J. B. (1986). Relationship of dysfunctional attitudes to current mood and history of depression. Paper presented at the 20th meeting of the Association for the Advancement of Behavior Therapy, Chicago, Illinois.Google Scholar
  31. Nezu, A. M., & Ronan, G. F. (1985). Life stress, current problems, problem-solving and depressive symptoms: An integrative model. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 53, 693–697.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Nezu, A. M., Nezu, C. M., & Perri, M. G. (1989). Problem-solving therapy for depression: Theory research and clinical guidelines. New York: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  33. Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (1987). Sex differences in unipolar depression: Evidence and theory. Psychological Bulletin, 101, 259–282.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Radioff, L. (1975). Sex differences in depression: The effects of occupation and marital status. Sex Roles, 1, 249–265.Google Scholar
  35. Regier, D. A., Boyd, J. H., Burke, J. D., Jr., Rae, D. S., Myers, J. K., Kramer, M., Robins, L. N., George, L. K., Karno, M., & Locke, B. Z. (1988). One-month prevalence of mental disorders in the United States: Based on five Epidemiological Catchment Area sites. Archives of General Psychiatry, 45, 977–986.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Rehm, L. P. (1977). A self-control model of depression. Behavior Therapy, 8, 787–804,CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Rehm, L. P., Kaslow, N. J., & Rabin, A. S. (1987) Cognitive and behavioral targets in a self-control therapy program for depression. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 55, 60–67.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Rosenbaum, M. (1980). A schedule for assessing self-control behaviors: Preliminary findings. Behavior Therapy, 11, 109–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Rude, S., & Rehm, L. P. (1991). Cognitive and behavioral predictors of response to treatments of depression. Clinical Psychology Review, 11, 493–514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Seligman, M. E. P. (1975) Helplessness: On depression, development and death. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman.Google Scholar
  41. Seligman, M. E. P. (1981). A learned helplessness point of view. In L. P. Rehm (Ed.), Behavior Therapy for depression: Present status and future directions. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  42. Seligman, M. E. P. (1989). Research in clinical psychology: Why is there so much depression today? In I. S. Cohen (Ed.), The G. Stanley Hall Lecture Series (Vol. 9). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  43. Weissman, A. N., & Beck, A. T. (1978). Development and validation of the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale. Paper presented at the 12th annual convention of the Association for the Advancement of Behavior Therapy, Chicago.Google Scholar
  44. Winokur, G., Clayton, P. J., & Reich, T (1969). Manic-depressive disease. St. Louis, MO: Mosby.Google Scholar
  45. Zeiss, A. M., Lewinsohn, P. M., & Munoz, R. F. (1979). Nonspecific improvement effects in depression using interpersonal skills training, pleasant activity schedules, or cognitive training. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 47, 427–439.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lynn P. Rehm
    • 1
  • Paras Mehta
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of HoustonHoustonUSA

Personalised recommendations