• P. Calow


Another call on the resources left after the metabolic costs have been paid is reproduction. This is a most important call since fitness is crucially dependent on reproductive success. Hence the process of reproduction is likely to bear the stamp of natural selection in a more obvious way than any other aspect of the functional biology of organisms.


Asexual Reproduction Parthenogenetic Female Planktotrophic Larva Spiral Cleavage Lecithotrophic Larva 
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© P. Calow 1981

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  • P. Calow

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