Chemical Bonding In Non-Crystalline Solids

  • Roger Eiss


Since the readers of this chapter include both chemists and physicists who are interested in better understanding the field of glass technology, a serious problem arises in relating a body of fundamental information to an audience with differing levels of understanding of structural chemistry. The chemist who has taken a good graduate course in inorganic chemistry will find few new concepts or insights into the chemistry of glasses; this chapter can only serve to present material he has previously seen in a new context. On the other hand a physicist whose formal study of chemistry was concluded in his freshman year may find the chapter to be little more than an outline of a body of material that will not be mastered without further reading in standard texts on the subject (some of which are listed in the references.) The chapter is directed primarily to those who have studied most of the concepts presented but have lost a sense of familiarity with the material because of a lack of opportunity to use it in daily applications, and to provide a practical context that will help to keep it from being lost again.


Silicon Atom Boron Atom Oxide Glass Bridge Oxygen Atom Hybrid Orbital 
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  1. 1.
    For further details the reader is referred to Standard texts, such as (in order of increasing depth of the material covered)Google Scholar
  2. a).
    F. A. Cotton and G. Wilkinson, “Advanced Inorganic Chemistry”, Second Edition, Interscience, New York (1966).Google Scholar
  3. b).
    H. Krebs, “Inorganic Crystal Chemistry”, McGraw-Hill, London (1968).Google Scholar
  4. c).
    L. Pauling, “The Nature of the Chemical Bond”, Third Edition, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York (1960).Google Scholar
  5. d).
    L. Harris and A. L. Loeb, “Introduction to Wave Mechanics”, McGraw-Hill, New York (1963).Google Scholar
  6. e).
    L. Pauling and E. B. Wilson, Jr., “Introduction to Quantum Mechanics”, McGraw-Hill, New York (1935).Google Scholar
  7. 2.
    Reference 1c, p. 96.Google Scholar
  8. 3.
    L. Helmholz and J. E. Mayer, J. Chem. Phys. 2 245 (1934).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 4.
    J. A. Pask, from “Modern Aspects of the Vitreous State, Vol. 3”, J. D. MacKenzie, ed., p. 1, Butterworth, Washington (1964).Google Scholar
  10. 5.
    A description of the method used for the calculation of the coefficients of hybrid orbitals can be found in F. A. Cotton, “Chemical Applications of Group Theory”, Interscience, New York (1963).Google Scholar
  11. 6.
    Reference 1a, p. 68.Google Scholar
  12. 7.
    Three other orbitals can be constructed but are of higher energy and so are not normally occupied by the electron pairs. The derivation of these orbitals is given in Reference 5.Google Scholar
  13. 8.
    Reference 1c, p. 25.Google Scholar
  14. 9.
    A. L. Allred and E. G. Rochow, J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 5, 264, 269 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 10.
    See, for example, A. F. Wells, “Structural Inorganic Chemistry”, Third Edition, Oxford Press, London (1962), pp. 32–35.Google Scholar
  16. 11.
    D. W. J. Cruickshank, H. Lynton and G. A. Barclay, Acta Cryst. 15, 491 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 12.
    H. C. J. deDecker and C. H. MacGillavry, Rec. Trav. Chim. 60, 153 (1941).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 13.
    G. E. R. Schulze, Z. physik, Chem. B24, 215 (1934).Google Scholar
  19. 14.
    A. J. Frueh, Amer. Min. 36, 833 (1951).Google Scholar
  20. 15.
    For a discussion of possible three-dimensional networks of the compound AmBn, for various m:m ratios, see A. F. Wells, Structural Inorganic Chemistry, Oxford University Press, London (1962). Chapter IV.Google Scholar
  21. 16.
    P. J. Bray and J. G. O’Keefe, Phys. Chem. Glasses 4, 37 (1963).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roger Eiss
    • 1
  1. 1.Oregon Graduate CenterUSA

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