Total Normal Emittances of Some Real Surfaces at Cryogenic Temperatures

  • K. H. Hawks
  • W. B. Cottingham
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 16)


Thermal radiation even at low temperatures is important when conduction and convection heat transfer are minimized, as under certain vacuum situations found in space simulators and cryogenic storage vessels. But in such cases, the radiative heat transfer cannot be estimated with a high degree of accuracy. The uncertainty depends on the available information about the radiation properties.


Test Section Cryogenic Temperature Copper Substrate Real Surface Carbon Resistor 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. H. Hawks
    • 1
  • W. B. Cottingham
    • 1
  1. 1.Purdue UniversityLafayetteUSA

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