A Heat-Balance Analysis of a Gifford-McMahon Cryorefrigerator

  • R. A. Ackermann
  • W. E. Gifford
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 16)


In reciprocating cryorefrigerators using small thermal regenerators such as the Stirling-cycle, Vuilleumier-cycle, Solvay-cycle, and Gifford-McMahon-cycle devices, performance is a very complicated function of many variables. Even for the simplest single-stage systems, the number of variables is about twenty-five. Also, in making any performance calculation, one has to make a large number of assumptions or approximations.


Mass Flow Rate Thermal Loss Exhaust Valve Regenerator Loss Regenerator Tube 
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    R. A. Ackermann and W. E. Gifford, Trans. ASME, J. Eng. Ind., 91:273 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    W. E. Gifford, in: Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 11, Plenum Press, New York (1966), p. 152.Google Scholar
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    J. E. Coppage and A. L. London, Trans. ASME, 75:779 (1953).Google Scholar
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    W. M. Kays and A. L. London, Compact Heat Exchangers, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York (1964).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. A. Ackermann
    • 1
  • W. E. Gifford
    • 2
  1. 1.Cryomech, Inc.JamesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Syracuse UniversitySyracuseUSA

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